Bulletin #185





14 May 2005

Grenoble, France

Dear Colleagues and Friends of CEIMSA,

More than two years into the "clash of civilizations" has given rise to a "post-modern" anti-war movement in this "Age of Disinformation". Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, in their classic two-volume study of the social pathology of capitalist culture, L'Anti-Oedipe : capitalisme et schizophrenie and Mille Plateaux, describe the modalities of contemporary political economic interests and how they determine the behavior of the masses : "le désire désiré par le corps plein et sans organes" (roughly translated as "internalized individual desires manufactured by corporate interests"). 

Americans seem to be loosing interest in the desire for war. The price is very high, but the killing of hundreds of thousands of innocent people since 9/11 is producing a new organizing principle at the international level: AMERICAN MILITARISM MUST BE CONTAINED. The Vietnamese and the Koreans before them paid high prices (in millions of lives) but eventually contributed to bringing world attention to
U.S. imperialist imperatives.

The "post-modern" counter offensive has sought to erase these lessons of war from our collective memory by introducing an extreme relativism into the cognitive processes of western cultural production, with the result of increasing apathy, despondency and despair. The two-volume study by Deleuze and Guattari (L'Anti-Oedipe and A Thousand Plateaus) is more accessible today than ever before. The innately human capacity to see ourselves as others see us is, it could be argued, of vital importance to the survival of our species.

Meanwhile, our research Center for the Advanced Study of American Institutions and Social Movements has received a series of contemporary articles which illustrate the beginning of the end of the 21st-century romance with American militarism.

In Item
A. Professor John Gerassi, from
Queens College in New York City, has sent us a link to graphic reminders of American soldiers at work in Iraq.

In Item
B. our research associate and retired colleague at the University Grenoble-3, Elisabeth Chamorand, forwarded to us an article on Pablo Paredes' court-martial in
San Diego, California.

C. is an article sent to us by our research associate Professor Edward Herman on "
British and US mythology about the second world war".

The next three items (
D., E., & F.) are current reports on the anti-war movement that is developing around the world in response to U.S. foreign policy today.

And finally, Professor Christian de Montlibert has sent us another reminder of the holocaust. Item
G. is an Attachment commemorating the death of the French humanist, Maurice Halbwachs at Buchenwald.

All seven of these articles speak to the severe consequences involved in ignoring "les désires désirés par le corps plein, sans organes" in the contemporary, "post-modern," world.

Francis McCollum Feeley
Professor of American Studies
Director of Research
Université Stendhal-Grenoble 3

from John Gerassi
Subject: Fw: "A Picture is Worth . . . ."
Date: Fri,
13 May 2005

A reminder: This is our achievement.


from Elisabeth Chamorand:
13 May 2005

Navy Judge Finds War Protest Reasonable
    By Marjorie Cohn

    "I think that the government has successfully proved that any service member has reasonable cause to believe that the wars in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal."
    -- Lt. Cmdr. Robert Klant, presiding at Pablo Paredes' court-martial
    In a stunning blow to the Bush administration, a Navy judge gave Petty Officer 3rd Class Pablo Paredes no jail time for refusing orders to board the amphibious assault ship Bonhomme Richard before it left San Diego with 3,000 sailors and Marines bound for the Persian Gulf on December 6th. Lt. Cmdr. Robert Klant found Pablo guilty of missing his ship's movement by design, but dismissed the charge of unauthorized absence. Although Pablo faced one year in the brig, the judge sentenced him to two months' restriction and three months of hard labor, and reduced his rank to seaman recruit.

    "This is a huge victory," said Jeremy Warren, Pablo's lawyer. "A sailor can show up on a Navy base, refuse in good conscience to board a ship bound for Iraq, and receive no time in jail," Warren added. Although Pablo is delighted he will not to go jail, he still regrets that he was convicted of a crime. He told the judge at sentencing: "I am guilty of believing this war is illegal. I am guilty of believing war in all forms is immoral and useless, and I am guilty of believing that as a service member I have a duty to refuse to participate in this War because it is illegal."

    Pablo maintained that transporting Marines to fight in an illegal war, and possibly to commit war crimes, would make him complicit in those crimes. He told the judge, "I believe as a member of the armed forces, beyond having a duty to my chain of command and my President, I have a higher duty to my conscience and to the supreme law of the land. Both of these higher duties dictate that I must not participate in any way, hands-on or indirect, in the current aggression that has been unleashed on Iraq."

    Pablo said he formed his views about the illegality of the war by reading truthout.org, listening to Democracy Now!, and reading articles by Noam Chomsky, Chalmers Johnson, Naomi Klein, Stephen Zunes, and Marjorie Cohn, as well as Kofi Annan's statements that the war is illegal under the UN Charter, and material on the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals.

    I testified at Pablo's court-martial as a defense expert on the legality of the war in Iraq, and the commission of war crimes by US forces. My testimony corroborated the reasonableness of Pablo's beliefs. I told the judge that the war violates the United Nations Charter, which forbids the use of force, unless carried out in self-defense or with the approval of the Security Council, neither of which obtained before Bush invaded Iraq. I also said that torture and inhuman treatment, which have been documented in Iraqi prisons, constitute grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, and are considered war crimes under the US War Crimes Statute. The United States has ratified both the UN Charter and the Geneva Conventions, making them part of the supreme law of the land under the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution.

    I noted that the Uniform Code of Military Justice requires that all military personnel obey lawful orders. Article 92 of the UCMJ says, "A general order or regulation is lawful unless it is contrary to the Constitution, the laws of the United States...." Both the Nuremberg Principles and the Army Field Manual create a duty to disobey unlawful orders. Article 509 of Field Manual 27-10, codifying another Nuremberg Principle, specifies that "following superior orders" is not a defense to the commission of war crimes, unless the accused "did not know and could not reasonably have been expected to know that the act ordered was unlawful."

    I concluded that the Iraq war is illegal. US troops who participate in the war are put in a position to commit war crimes. By boarding that ship and delivering Marines to Iraq - to fight in an illegal war, and possibly to commit war crimes - Pablo would have been complicit in those crimes. Therefore, orders to board that ship were illegal, and Pablo had a duty to disobey them.

    On cross-examination, Navy prosecutor Lt. Jonathan Freeman elicited testimony from me that the US wars in Yugoslavia and Afghanistan also violated the UN Charter, as neither was conducted in self-defense or with the blessing of the Security Council. Upon the conclusion of my testimony, the judge said, "I think that the government has successfully proved that any service member has reasonable cause to believe that the wars in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq were illegal."

    The Navy prosecutors asked the judge to sentence Pablo to nine months in the brig, forfeiture of pay and benefits, and a bad conduct discharge. Lt. Brandon Hale argued that Pablo's conduct was "egregious," that Pablo could have "slinked away with his privately-held beliefs quietly." The public nature of Pablo's protest made it more serious, according to the chief prosecuting officer.

    But Pablo's lawyer urged the judge not to punish Pablo more harshly for exercising his right of free speech. Pablo refused to board the ship not, as many others, for selfish reasons, but rather as an act of conscience, Warren said.

    "Pablo's victory is an incredible boon to the anti-war movement," according to Warren. Since December 6th, Pablo has had a strong support network. Camilo Mejia, a former Army infantryman who spent nine months in the brig at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, for refusing to return to Iraq after a military leave, was present throughout Pablo's court-martial. Tim Goodrich, co-founder of Iraq Veterans against the War, also attended the court-martial. "We have all been to Iraq, and we support anyone who stands in nonviolent opposition," he said. Fernando Suárez del Solar and Cindy Sheehan, both of whom lost sons in Iraq, came to defend Pablo.

    The night before his sentencing, many spoke at a program in support of Pablo. Mejia thanked Pablo for bringing back the humanity and doubts about the war into people's hearts. Sheehan, whose son, K.C., died two weeks after he arrived in Iraq, said, "I was told my son was killed in the war on terror. He was killed by George Bush's war of terror on the world."

    Aidan Delgado, who received conscientious objector status after spending nine months in Iraq, worked in the battalion headquarters at the Abu Ghraib prison. Confirming the Red Cross's conclusion that 70 to 90 percent of the prisoners were there by mistake, Delgado said that most were suspected only of petty theft, public drunkenness, forging documents and impersonating officials. "At Abu Ghraib, we shot prisoners for protesting their conditions; four were killed," Delgado maintained. He has photographs of troops "scooping their brains out."

    Pablo's application for conscientious objector status is pending. He has one year of Navy service left. If his C.O. application is granted, he could be released. Or he could receive an administrative discharge. Worst case scenario, he could be sent back to Iraq. But it is unlikely the Navy will choose to go through this again.

Marjorie Cohn, a contributing editor to t r u t h o u t, is a professor at Thomas Jefferson School of Law, executive vice president of the National Lawyers Guild, and the US representative to the executive committee of the American Association of Jurists.

from Professor Edward S. Herman :
10 May 2005
The Guardian

Some strong medicine from abroad!
From the Guardian. Interesting, It's inconceivable that anything like this would appear in a mainstream publication 9in the U.S.
Ed herman

An ethical blank cheque
British and US mythology about the second world war ignores our own crimes
and legitimises Anglo-American warmaking

by Richard Drayton

In 1945, as at the end of all wars, the victor powers spun the conflict's history to serve the interests of their elites. Wartime propaganda thus achieved an extraordinary afterlife. As Vladimir Putin showed yesterday, the Great Patriotic War remains a key political resource in Russia. In Britain and the US, too, a certain idea of the second world war is enthusiastically kept alive and less flattering memories suppressed.

Five years ago, Robert Lilly, a distinguished American sociologist, prepared a book based on military archives. Taken by Force is a study of the rapes committed by American soldiers in Europe between 1942 and 1945. He submitted his manuscript in 2001. But after September 11, its US publisher suppressed it, and it first appeared in 2003 in a French translation.

Article continues

We know from Anthony Beevor about the sexual violence unleashed by the Red Army, but we prefer not to know about mass rape committed by American and British troops. Lilly suggests a minimum of 10,000 American rapes. Contemporaries described a much wider scale of unpunished sex crime. Time Magazine reported in September 1945: "Our own army and the British army along with ours have done their share of looting and raping ... we too are considered an army of rapists."

The British and American publics share a sunny view of the second world war. The evil of Auschwitz and Dachau, turned inside out, clothes the conflict in a shiny virtue. Movies, popular histories and political speeches frame the war as a symbol of Anglo-American courage, with the Red Army's central role forgotten. This was, we believe, "a war for democracy". Americans believe that they fought the war to rescue the world. For apologists of the British Empire, such as Niall Ferguson, the war was an ethical bath where the sins of centuries of conquest, slavery and exploitation were expiated. We are marked forever as "the good guys"and can all happily chant "Two world wars and one world cup."

All this seems innocent fun, but patriotic myths have sharp edges. The "good war" against Hitler has underwritten 60 years of warmaking. It has become an ethical blank cheque for British and US power. We claim the right to bomb, to maim, to imprison without trial on the basis of direct and implicit appeals to the war against fascism.

When we fall out with such tyrant friends as Noriega, Milosevic or Saddam we rebrand them as "Hitler". In the "good war" against them, all bad things become forgettable "collateral damage". The devastation of civilian targets in Serbia or Iraq, torture at Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo, the war crime of collective punishment in Falluja, fade to oblivion as the "price of democracy".

Our democratic imperialism prefers to forget that fascism had important Anglo-American roots. Hitler's dream was inspired, in part, by the British Empire. In eastern Europe, the Nazis hoped to make their America and Australia, where ethnic cleansing and slave labour created a frontier for settlement. In western Europe, they sought their India from which revenues, labour and soldiers might be extracted.

American imperialism in Latin America gave explicit precedents for Germany's and Japan's claims of supremacy in their neighbouring regions. The British and Americans were key theorists of eugenics and had made racial segregation respectable. The concentration camp was a British invention, and in Iraq and Afghanistan the British were the first to use air power to repress partisan resistance. The Luftwaffe - in its assault on Guernica, and later London and Coventry - paid homage to Bomber Harris's terror bombing of the Kurds in the 1920s.

We forget, too, that British and US elites gave aid to the fascists. President Bush's grandfather, prosecuted for "trading with the enemy" in 1942, was one of many powerful Anglo-Americans who liked Mussolini and Hitler and did what they could to help. Appeasement as a state policy was only the tip of an iceberg of practical aid to these dictatorships. Capital and technology flowed freely, and fascist despots received dignified treatment in Washington and London. Henry Ford made Hitler birthday gifts of 50,000 marks.

We least like to remember that our side also committed war crimes in the 1940s. The destruction of Dresden, a city filled with women, children, the elderly and the wounded, and with no military significance, is only the best known of the atrocities committed by our bombers against civilian populations. We know about the notorious Japanese abuse of prisoners of war, but do not remember the torture and murder of captured Japanese. Edgar Jones, an "embedded" Pacific war correspondent, wrote in 1946: "'We shot prisoners in cold blood, wiped out hospitals, strafed lifeboats, killed or mistreated enemy civilians, finished off the enemy wounded, tossed the dying into a hole with the dead, and in the Pacific boiled flesh off enemy skulls to make table ornaments."

After 1945, we borrowed many fascist methods. Nuremberg only punished a handful of the guilty; most walked free with our help. In 1946, Project Paperclip secretly brought more than 1,000 Nazi scientists to the US. Among their ranks were Kurt Blome, who had tested nerve gas at Auschwitz, and Konrad Schaeffer, who forced salt into victims at Dachau. Other experiments at mind control via drugs and surgery were folded into the CIA's Project Bluebird. Japan's Dr Shiro Ishii, who had experimented with prisoners in Manchuria, came to Maryland to advise on bio-weapons. Within a decade of British troops liberating Belsen, they were running their own concentration camps in Kenya to crush the Mau Mau. The Gestapo's torture techniques were borrowed by the French in Algeria, and then disseminated by the Americans to Latin American dictatorships in the 60s and 70s. We see their extension today in the American camps in Cuba and Diego Garcia.

War has a brutalising momentum. This is the moral of Taken By Force, which shows how American soldiers became increasingly indiscriminate in their sexual violence and military authorities increasingly lax in its prosecution. Even as we remember the evils of nazism, and the courage of those who defeated it, we should begin to remember the second world war with less self- satisfaction. We might, in particular, learn to distrust those who use it to justify contemporary warmongering.

· Richard Drayton is senior lecturer in history at Cambridge University

from Francis Feeley
The Associated Press
13 May 2005

Anti-US Protests Spread to Pakistan

Islamabad - Pakistan Pakistan's Islamic groups will hold anti-America rallies across the country later Friday to protest the alleged desecration of Islam's holy book, the Quran, at the U.S. prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a spokesman said.

    The demonstrations come two days after thousands of students angered by the reported abuse set fire to shops, offices of aid workers and
Pakistan's consulate in the Afghan city of Jalalabad. Seven people were killed in two days of rioting starting Wednesday.

    The trouble began after Newsweek magazine reported in its May 9 edition that interrogators at the
U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, placed Qurans in washrooms to unsettle suspects, and in one case "flushed a holy book down the toilet."

    Many of those held prisoner at
Guantanamo Bay are Muslims who have been arrested during the U.S.-led war against terror in Afghanistan.

Pakistan is a conservative Muslim nation where insults to the Quran and Islam's prophet Muhammad are regarded as blasphemy and punishable by death.

    On Friday, Ameer ul-Azeem, spokesman for Pakistan's six-party coalition, Mutahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) said the protests - to be held in cities nationwide - would not turn violent.

    "We have no intention to disrupt law and order. We want to stage peaceful rallies to condemn what happened in
Guantanamo Bay," he said.

    Nonetheless, the Interior Ministry issued instruction to police and other security personnel to ensure peace during the rallies, ministry officials said. Police have been posted outside major mosques.

    Ul-Azeem said he has asked
Washington to tender an "unconditional apology" over the reported incidents at Guantanamo Bay and "take stern action against those who desecrated the Quran."

Washington on Thursday, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said disrespect for the Quran would never be tolerated in the United States and that military authorities were investigating the allegations.

    "Respect for religious freedom for all individuals is one of the founding principles of the
United States," Rice said.

Pakistan, a key ally of U.S. in the war on terror, has said it was "deeply dismayed over the alleged abuse of Quran. The United States is holding about 520 terror suspects at Guantanamo Bay, many of whom were captured in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and later turned over to U.S. officials.

from Francis Feeley
Agence France-Presse
13 May 2005

Worst Anti-US Protests Spread across Afghanistan, Three More Dead

    The biggest anti-US protests since the fall of the Taliban spread across
Afghanistan, as unrest sparked by alleged abuse of the Koran at the US jail in Guantanamo Bay left three more people dead.

    Seven people have been killed and at least 76 injured during three days of violent demonstrations, all of them in clashes with security forces and police in conservative towns east of the capital

    Angry Afghans shouting "Death to
America" poured onto the streets of Kabul itself for the first time Thursday as protests at the reported religious desecration also broke out in 10 of Afghanistan's 34 provinces.

    The Koran controversy has also spread to
Pakistan, where demonstrations were held in Peshawar and Quetta, two major cities close to the border with Afghanistan.

    Two protesters were killed on Thursday when gunfire erupted as police stopped them marching into the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad from a district just to the northwest, deputy governor of Nangarhar province Mohammad Asif Qazizada told AFP.

    Jalalabad was the scene of a major riot on Wednesday in which four people died when police opened fire to control a mob that torched the buildings of several aid agencies, the Pakistani consulate and the governor's house.

    Meanwhile one person died and four were wounded when rioters attacked a police station in the Chak district of Wardak province, which borders
Kabul, and a weapons store exploded, interior ministry spokesman Lutfullah Mashal said.

    The protests were sparked by a small report in Newsweek magazine last week that interrogators at the
US military detention center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, desecrated copies of the Koran by leaving them in toilet cubicles and even stuffing one down a lavatory to rattle Muslim prisoners.

    More than 500 detainees, most captured in
Afghanistan or Pakistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, are held as "enemy combatants" at Guantanamo.

US, which leads a coalition of some 18,000 troops hunting Taliban militants three years after the regime was toppled, has promised to look into the claims. The US military has not been involved in policing the protests.

    US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on Thursday called disrespect for the holy book "abhorrent" and promised to punish offenders.

    But the top
US military officer said a review of interrogation logs has so far found no evidence to corroborate the explosive allegations.

    "... they cannot confirm yet that there was ever the case of the toilet incident except in one case, a log entry that they still have to confirm, where a detainee was reported by a guard to be ripping pages out of a Koran and putting them in a toilet to stop it up as a protest," said General Richard Myers, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Kabul, student demonstrators shouted slogans calling on US President George W. Bush to apologise to Islamic countries and set a US flag ablaze. The protest ended peacefully.

    Thousands of people also took to the streets in the
northern provinces of Parwan, Kapisa and Takhar, Laghman in the east, Logar and Khost in the southeast and the southern province of Kandahar.

    The United Nations and foreign aid agencies evacuated hundreds of workers from Jalalabad fearing further violence.

    Afghan officials have suggested that elements opposed to the US-backed effort to rebuild the war-ravaged country have coordinated the violence, and protests come amid a recent deterioration in security.

    Veteran Afghan analyst Rahimullah Yusufzai said the protests gave the public a chance to vent their anger at President Hamid Karzai's government and the
United States itself, but were unlikely to be coordinated.

    "This is the biggest protest campaign in
Afghanistan since the ouster of Taliban regime," the Pakistan-based analyst said.

    Previous anti-US protests in
Afghanistan were sparked by the deaths of civilians in US military operations and by the Iraq war but none have been so large.

Karzai, who is currently in
Brussels, said Wednesday that the clash in Jalalabad showed the "inability" of Afghanistan's institutions to deal with such situations

From: Council for the National Interest Foundation
Reply-To: cnif@democracyinaction.org
To: Francis.Feeley@u-grenoble3.fr
Date: Fri, 13 May 2005
Subject: Call for May 23rd Protest of AIPAC Annual Conference

The Council for the National Interest hopes that hundreds of people will join us in protesting outside the Washington, DC, Convention Center on Monday, May 23rd, from 6 to 8 pm. All the main actors in the Middle East peace process will be here from Israel and be joined by a phalanx of important Americans to greet Ariel Sharon, who is scheduled to speak on Tuesday morning after Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY), and Natan Sharansky, who is now out of government and working against the disengagement. In effect, he is undermining the Road Map of his great friend, George W. Bush. (Click here for the full conference schedule.)

The drumbeat against Iran will be a main theme at the AIPAC policy conference. They claim Iran is only months away from a nuclear weapon, an amazingly similar charge to that made by Israeli strategic thinkers before the current Iraq war. (Click here to see an animation hyping their multimedia presentation on Iran, which will be a cornerstone of the conference.)

Join in protesting the very presence of numerous Israeli defense specialists, generals, and defense analysts who are featured at the AIPAC conference. AIPAC should be renamed the Israel Political Action Committee (IPAC) and be forced to register as the agent of a foreign government. As one activist with a major Jewish group admitted in a report in the Forward today, "It is routine for us to say: This is our policy on a certain issue, but we must check what the Israelis think. We as a community do it all the time."

Come join the rally and take back America's foreign policy!

The following call was initiated by the DC Anti-War Network (DAWN) and finalized by representatives of several groups, six of whom already have signed on. We hope you will join us in endorsing this very important event. We will keep you updated on further developments. Email us to endorse, to attend a Sunday May 15 evening planning meeting on Capitol Hill or if you have questions or comments. Please feel free to circulate this call.


A coalition of organizations is calling for a peaceful demonstration on Monday, May 23 from 6:00 to 8:00 pm at the 2005 American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) annual conference being held May 22 to 24th at the DC Convention Center. We will gather on Massachusetts Avenue at 7th Street NW.

We do so to protest Israel's continued occupation of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, its building of a separation wall through the West Bank and its current expansion of settlements, which will cut off an additional 250,000 Palestinians in East Jerusalem from the rest of Palestine and implement a system of de facto apartheid in the occupied territories. We protest any appearance by Israeli leader Ariel Sharon, who for over 50 years has been involved in a series of war crimes, including the massacres at Sabra and Shatilla.

We also protest AIPAC's role in supporting Ariel Sharon and other Israeli officials' threats to take military actions against Iran's nuclear energy facilities and their efforts to involve the United States in such attacks. Two AIPAC officials, recently fired after months of vigorous public support by AIPAC, have been implicated in press reports as having received "highly classified" information on Iran from Defense Department analyst Larry Franklin, who has been arrested in the case, and possibly passing the information on to the state of Israel.

We believe that AIPAC's support of Israeli aggression in Palestine, funded by billions of U.S. tax dollars in military aid to Israel each year, and its support for possible new Middle East wars makes the world less safe for Israel, its neighbors, and the world. We believe that AIPAC does not speak for all American Jews and, by supporting current Israeli policy, is working against America's national interest.

The organizations below represent a wide range of Americans who call for an end to tax-funded military aid to Israel and ask that AIPAC join us in demanding the best of Israel, in that it should:

  • end the illegal occupation of the West Bank and Gaza and the annexation of East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
  • tear down the "separation" wall which the International Court of Justice has declared illegal because of the resulting Human Rights Violations.
  • remove all the settlements and stop all settlement construction in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem.
  • stop home demolitions and land confiscations in Israel and the occupied territories and guarantee equal rights of all people living in Israel.
  • comply with international law including the right of return for all Palestinian refugees.
  • stop threatening and promoting Israeli or American wars against Syria and Iran.
  • support peaceful efforts to remove all nuclear weapons from the Middle East, including Israel.

On April 22, 2002 over 1500 peace and progressive activists protested outside the AIPAC annual conference during Israel's devastating military attacks on the West Bank and Gaza. On May 23, 2005, let's make our voices heard outside the Washington Convention Center to protest Israel's continued expansionism and its calls for new wars on Syria and Iran.

To endorse this call and be listed in the press release e-mail aipacprotest@earthlink.net by close of business Monday, May 16, 2005. Feel free to include a web page link, e-mail or phone contact for email announcements.

Current Endorsers:

Council for the National Interest http://cnionline.org

DC Anti-War Network http://dawndc.net

StopTheWarNow.Net http://stopthewarnow.net

Washington DC Area Chapter American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee http://adc.org

Washington DC Area Stop U.S. Tax-funded Aid to Israel Now! (SUSTAIN) http://sustaincampaign.org

Women for Peace and Justice in Iran http://women4peace.org

Council for the National Interest Foundation
1250 4th Street SW, Suite WG-1
Washington, District of Columbia 20024

from Professor Christian de Montlibert :
10 mai 2005

cher francis,
je te fais parvenir le texte d'une conférence faite pour
l'anniversaire de la mort de Maurice Halbwachs il y a 60 ans ŕ Buchenwald. tu
peux le mettre sur ton site en exil.
amicalement christian


Please see the CEIMSA publication : « Une histoire qui fait l’Histoire : la mort de maurice halbwachs ŕ Buchenwald », par le Professeur Christian de Montlibert.



Francis McCollum Feeley

Professor of American Studies/

Director of Research at CEIMSA-IN-EXILE