Subject: ON SOME HIDDEN LESSONS OF WAR: FROM
THE CENTER FOR THE ADVANCED STUDY OF AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIAL
14 May 2005
Dear Colleagues and Friends of
More than two years into the "clash of civilizations" has given rise to a "post-modern" anti-war movement in this "Age of Disinformation". Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, in their classic two-volume study of the social pathology of capitalist culture, L'Anti-Oedipe : capitalisme et schizophrenie and Mille Plateaux, describe the modalities of contemporary political economic interests and how they determine the behavior of the masses : "le désire désiré par le corps plein et sans organes" (roughly translated as "internalized individual desires manufactured by corporate interests").
Americans seem to be loosing interest in the desire for war. The price is very high, but the killing of hundreds of thousands of innocent people since 9/11 is producing a new organizing principle at the international level: AMERICAN MILITARISM MUST BE CONTAINED. The Vietnamese and the Koreans before them paid high prices (in millions of lives) but eventually contributed to bringing world attention to
The "post-modern" counter offensive has sought to erase these lessons of war from our collective memory by introducing an extreme relativism into the cognitive processes of western cultural production, with the result of increasing apathy, despondency and despair. The two-volume study by Deleuze and Guattari (L'Anti-Oedipe and A Thousand Plateaus) is more accessible today than ever before. The innately human capacity to see ourselves as others see us is, it could be argued, of vital importance to the survival of our species.
Meanwhile, our research Center for the Advanced Study of American Institutions and Social Movements has received a series of contemporary articles which illustrate the beginning of the end of the 21st-century romance with American militarism.
In Item A. Professor John Gerassi, from
In Item B. our research associate and retired colleague at the University Grenoble-3, Elisabeth Chamorand, forwarded to us an article on Pablo Paredes' court-martial in
Item C. is an article sent to us by our research associate Professor Edward Herman on "British and
The next three items (D., E., & F.) are current reports on the anti-war movement that is developing around the world in response to
And finally, Professor Christian de Montlibert has sent us another reminder of the holocaust. Item G. is an Attachment commemorating the death of the French humanist, Maurice Halbwachs at
All seven of these articles speak to the severe consequences involved in ignoring "les désires désirés par le corps plein, sans organes" in the contemporary, "post-modern," world.
Francis McCollum Feeley
Professor of American Studies
Director of Research
Université Stendhal-Grenoble 3
from John Gerassi
Subject: Fw: "A Picture is Worth . . . ."
A reminder: This is our achievement.
from Elisabeth Chamorand:
Navy Judge Finds War Protest Reasonable
By Marjorie Cohn
"I think that the government has successfully proved that any service member has reasonable cause to believe that the wars in
-- Lt. Cmdr. Robert Klant, presiding at Pablo Paredes' court-martial
In a stunning blow to the Bush administration, a Navy judge gave Petty Officer 3rd Class Pablo Paredes no jail time for refusing orders to board the amphibious assault ship Bonhomme Richard before it left San Diego with 3,000 sailors and Marines bound for the Persian Gulf on December 6th. Lt. Cmdr. Robert Klant found Pablo guilty of missing his ship's movement by design, but dismissed the charge of unauthorized absence. Although Pablo faced one year in the brig, the judge sentenced him to two months' restriction and three months of hard labor, and reduced his rank to seaman recruit.
"This is a huge victory," said Jeremy Warren, Pablo's lawyer. "A sailor can show up on a Navy base, refuse in good conscience to board a ship bound for
Pablo maintained that transporting Marines to fight in an illegal war, and possibly to commit war crimes, would make him complicit in those crimes. He told the judge, "I believe as a member of the armed forces, beyond having a duty to my chain of command and my President, I have a higher duty to my conscience and to the supreme law of the land. Both of these higher duties dictate that I must not participate in any way, hands-on or indirect, in the current aggression that has been unleashed on
Pablo said he formed his views about the illegality of the war by reading truthout.org, listening to Democracy Now!, and reading articles by Noam Chomsky, Chalmers Johnson, Naomi Klein, Stephen Zunes, and Marjorie Cohn, as well as Kofi Annan's statements that the war is illegal under the UN Charter, and material on the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals.
I testified at Pablo's court-martial as a defense expert on the legality of the war in
I noted that the Uniform Code of Military Justice requires that all military personnel obey lawful orders. Article 92 of the UCMJ says, "A general order or regulation is lawful unless it is contrary to the Constitution, the laws of the
I concluded that the
On cross-examination, Navy prosecutor Lt. Jonathan Freeman elicited testimony from me that the
The Navy prosecutors asked the judge to sentence Pablo to nine months in the brig, forfeiture of pay and benefits, and a bad conduct discharge. Lt. Brandon Hale argued that Pablo's conduct was "egregious," that Pablo could have "slinked away with his privately-held beliefs quietly." The public nature of Pablo's protest made it more serious, according to the chief prosecuting officer.
But Pablo's lawyer urged the judge not to punish Pablo more harshly for exercising his right of free speech. Pablo refused to board the ship not, as many others, for selfish reasons, but rather as an act of conscience,
"Pablo's victory is an incredible boon to the anti-war movement," according to
The night before his sentencing, many spoke at a program in support of Pablo. Mejia thanked Pablo for bringing back the humanity and doubts about the war into people's hearts. Sheehan, whose son, K.C., died two weeks after he arrived in
Aidan Delgado, who received conscientious objector status after spending nine months in
Pablo's application for conscientious objector status is pending. He has one year of Navy service left. If his C.O. application is granted, he could be released. Or he could receive an administrative discharge. Worst case scenario, he could be sent back to
Marjorie Cohn, a contributing editor to t r u t h o u t, is a professor at Thomas Jefferson School of Law, executive vice president of the National Lawyers Guild, and the US representative to the executive committee of the American Association of Jurists.
from Professor Edward S. Herman :
10 May 2005
Some strong medicine from abroad!
From the Guardian. Interesting, It's inconceivable that anything like this would appear in a mainstream publication 9in the U.S.
An ethical blank cheque
and legitimises Anglo-American warmaking
by Richard Drayton
In 1945, as at the end of all
wars, the victor powers spun the conflict's history to serve the interests of
their elites. Wartime propaganda thus achieved an extraordinary afterlife. As
Vladimir Putin showed yesterday, the Great Patriotic
War remains a key political resource in
Five years ago, Robert Lilly, a distinguished American sociologist, prepared a book based on military archives. Taken by Force is a study of the rapes committed by American soldiers in
We know from Anthony Beevor about the sexual violence unleashed by the Red Army, but we prefer not to know about mass rape committed by American and British troops. Lilly suggests a minimum of 10,000 American rapes. Contemporaries described a much wider scale of unpunished sex crime. Time Magazine reported in September 1945: "Our own army and the British army along with ours have done their share of looting and raping ... we too are considered an army of rapists."
The British and American publics share a sunny view of the second world war. The evil of
All this seems innocent fun, but patriotic myths have sharp edges. The "good war" against Hitler has underwritten 60 years of warmaking. It has become an ethical blank cheque for British and US power. We claim the right to bomb, to maim, to imprison without trial on the basis of direct and implicit appeals to the war against fascism.
When we fall out with such tyrant friends as Noriega, Milosevic or Saddam we rebrand them as "Hitler". In the "good war" against them, all bad things become forgettable "collateral damage". The devastation of civilian targets in
Our democratic imperialism prefers to forget that fascism had important Anglo-American roots. Hitler's dream was inspired, in part, by the
American imperialism in
We forget, too, that British and US elites gave aid to the fascists. President Bush's grandfather, prosecuted for "trading with the enemy" in 1942, was one of many powerful Anglo-Americans who liked Mussolini and Hitler and did what they could to help. Appeasement as a state policy was only the tip of an iceberg of practical aid to these dictatorships. Capital and technology flowed freely, and fascist despots received dignified treatment in
We least like to remember that our side also committed war crimes in the 1940s. The destruction of
After 1945, we borrowed many fascist methods.
War has a brutalising momentum. This is the moral of Taken By Force, which shows how American soldiers became increasingly indiscriminate in their sexual violence and military authorities increasingly lax in its prosecution. Even as we remember the evils of nazism, and the courage of those who defeated it, we should begin to remember the second world war with less self- satisfaction. We might, in particular, learn to distrust those who use it to justify contemporary warmongering.
· Richard Drayton is senior lecturer in history at Cambridge University
from Francis Feeley
The Associated Press
Anti-US Protests Spread to
The demonstrations come two days after thousands of students angered by the reported abuse set fire to shops, offices of aid workers and
The trouble began after Newsweek magazine reported in its May 9 edition that interrogators at the
Many of those held prisoner at
On Friday, Ameer ul-Azeem, spokesman for Pakistan's six-party coalition, Mutahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) said the protests - to be held in cities nationwide - would not turn violent.
"We have no intention to disrupt law and order. We want to stage peaceful rallies to condemn what happened in
Nonetheless, the Interior Ministry issued instruction to police and other security personnel to ensure peace during the rallies, ministry officials said. Police have been posted outside major mosques.
Ul-Azeem said he has asked
"Respect for religious freedom for all individuals is one of the founding principles of the
from Francis Feeley
13 May 2005
Worst Anti-US Protests Spread across
The biggest anti-US protests since the fall of the Taliban spread across
Seven people have been killed and at least 76 injured during three days of violent demonstrations, all of them in clashes with security forces and police in conservative towns east of the capital
Angry Afghans shouting "Death to
The Koran controversy has also spread to
Two protesters were killed on Thursday when gunfire erupted as police stopped them marching into the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad from a district just to the northwest, deputy governor of Nangarhar province Mohammad Asif Qazizada told AFP.
Jalalabad was the scene of a major riot on Wednesday in which four people died when police opened fire to control a mob that torched the buildings of several aid agencies, the Pakistani consulate and the governor's house.
Meanwhile one person died and four were wounded when rioters attacked a police station in the Chak district of Wardak province, which borders
The protests were sparked by a small report in Newsweek magazine last week that interrogators at the
More than 500 detainees, most captured in
US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on Thursday called disrespect for the holy book "abhorrent" and promised to punish offenders.
But the top
"... they cannot confirm yet that there was ever the case of the toilet incident except in one case, a log entry that they still have to confirm, where a detainee was reported by a guard to be ripping pages out of a Koran and putting them in a toilet to stop it up as a protest," said General Richard Myers, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Thousands of people also took to the streets in the
The United Nations and foreign aid agencies evacuated hundreds of workers from Jalalabad fearing further violence.
Afghan officials have suggested that elements opposed to the US-backed effort to rebuild the war-ravaged country have coordinated the violence, and protests come amid a recent deterioration in security.
Veteran Afghan analyst Rahimullah Yusufzai said the protests gave the public a chance to vent their anger at President Hamid Karzai's government and the
"This is the biggest protest campaign in
Previous anti-US protests in
Karzai, who is currently in
From: Council for the National Interest Foundation
Date: Fri, 13 May 2005
Subject: Call for May 23rd Protest of AIPAC Annual Conference
The Council for the National Interest hopes that hundreds of people will join us in protesting outside the Washington, DC, Convention Center on Monday, May 23rd, from 6 to 8 pm. All the main actors in the Middle East peace process will be here from Israel and be joined by a phalanx of important Americans to greet Ariel Sharon, who is scheduled to speak on Tuesday morning after Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY), and Natan Sharansky, who is now out of government and working against the disengagement. In effect, he is undermining the Road Map of his great friend, George W. Bush. (Click here for the full conference schedule.)
The drumbeat against
Join in protesting the very presence of numerous Israeli defense specialists, generals, and defense analysts who are featured at the AIPAC conference. AIPAC should be renamed the Israel Political Action Committee (IPAC) and be forced to register as the agent of a foreign government. As one activist with a major Jewish group admitted in a report in the Forward today, "It is routine for us to say: This is our policy on a certain issue, but we must check what the Israelis think. We as a community do it all the time."
Come join the rally and take back
The following call was initiated by the DC Anti-War Network (DAWN) and finalized by representatives of several groups, six of whom already have signed on. We hope you will join us in endorsing this very important event. We will keep you updated on further developments. Email us to endorse, to attend a Sunday May 15 evening planning meeting on Capitol Hill or if you have questions or comments. Please feel free to circulate this call.
CALL FOR MAY 23RD PROTEST OF AIPAC ANNUAL CONFERENCE
A coalition of organizations is calling for a peaceful demonstration on Monday, May 23 from 6:00 to 8:00 pm at the 2005 American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) annual conference being held May 22 to 24th at the DC Convention Center. We will gather on
We do so to protest Israel's continued occupation of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, its building of a separation wall through the West Bank and its current expansion of settlements, which will cut off an additional 250,000 Palestinians in East Jerusalem from the rest of Palestine and implement a system of de facto apartheid in the occupied territories. We protest any appearance by Israeli leader Ariel Sharon, who for over 50 years has been involved in a series of war crimes, including the massacres at Sabra and Shatilla.
We also protest AIPAC's role in supporting Ariel Sharon and other Israeli officials' threats to take military actions against
We believe that AIPAC's support of Israeli aggression in
The organizations below represent a wide range of Americans who call for an end to tax-funded military aid to
To endorse this call and be listed in the press release e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org by close of business Monday, May 16, 2005. Feel free to include a web page link, e-mail or phone contact for email announcements.
Council for the National Interest http://cnionline.org
DC Anti-War Network http://dawndc.net
Washington DC Area Chapter American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee http://adc.org
Washington DC Area Stop U.S. Tax-funded Aid to Israel Now! (SUSTAIN) http://sustaincampaign.org
Women for Peace and Justice in
Council for the
National Interest Foundation
1250 4th Street SW, Suite WG-1
Washington, District of Columbia 20024
from Professor Christian de Montlibert :
10 mai 2005
je te fais parvenir le texte d'une conférence faite pour
l'anniversaire de la mort de Maurice Halbwachs il y a 60 ans ŕ Buchenwald. tu
peux le mettre sur ton site en exil.
Please see the CEIMSA publication : « Une histoire qui fait l’Histoire : la mort de maurice halbwachs ŕ Buchenwald », par le Professeur Christian de Montlibert.
Francis McCollum Feeley
Professor of American Studies/
Director of Research at CEIMSA-IN-EXILE