Bulletin N° 359



The Fourth of July 2008
Grenoble, France

Dear Colleagues and Friends of CEIMSA,

On the subject of appeasement and fascist collaboration there is no more sobering description of self-delusion and political incompetence than William Shirer's well-documented, eye-witness account of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (1950). I was rereading this 1500-page textbook on the exercise of political power during the past week (it had been required reading for an undergraduate course in European History at the University of Wisconsin in the 1970s) when passages began to jump out at me. The context today, of course, is the "appeasement" of U.S. military expansion in the Middle East and contemporary European "collaboration" with the ruinous neocolonial policies of the USA and Israel.

Meanwhile, we are witnessing today, predictably, a garden variety of fetishes and homegrown diversions to relieve us from thinking about the obvious, but the dangers which are manifest in expanding warfare and the deteriorating market place of ideas and commodities (including food and water) are upon us.

"No one," observed William Shirer, in this firsthand account of the rise of German fascism,

who has not lived for years in a totalitarian land can possibly
conceive how difficult it is to escape the dread consequences
of a regime's calculated and incessant propaganda. Often in a
German home or office or sometimes in a casual conversation
with a stranger in a restaurant, a beer hall, a café, I would meet
with the most outlandish assertion from seemingly educated
and intelligent persons. It was obvious that they were parroting
some piece of nonsense they had heard on the radio or read in
the newspapers. Sometimes one was tempted to say as much,
but on such occasions one was met with such a stare of incredulity,
such a shock of silence, as if one had blasphemed the Almighty,
that one realized how useless it was even to try to make contact
with a mind which had become warped and for whom the facts
of life had become what Hitler and Goebbles, with their cynical
disregard for truth, said they were.(The Rise and Fall of the Third
, Chapter 8, "Life in the Third Reich, 1933-1937," Sixth Edition, p.342)

One of the more chilling accounts of the Nazi exercise of power is found in Chapter 12, entitled "The Road to Munich," in which Shirer gives witness to and carefully documents the casual, banal, and, yes, even boring betrayal of Czechoslovakia by French and British leaders, in full collaboration with fascist Germany and Italy. The apparent success of German fascism had confounded leaders of the great powers who were floundering in the midst of a global depression. Hitler, like Mussolini, were looked to as models by many western business leaders in the other capitalist nations, where economic conditions were much worse. Fascist political solutions to the Great Depression of the 1930s seemed like viable alternatives in the early years --the profits of German corporations, like Deutsche Bank, Krupp Stahlwerke, I.G. Farben, and Siemens Elektrisch, were high, and unemployment was low. There were no labor strikes and no anti-war movements. From Wall Street and Downing Street the Third Reich didn't look that bad, and by 1941, U.S. corporate investments in Hitler's Germany amounted to around $475 million (which included $120 million from Standard Oil, $35 million from General Motors, $30 million from I.T.T., $17.5 million from Ford Motor Company, and millions more from corporations such as Coca Cola, IBM and General Electric, to name only a few of the U.S. investors active in the profitable fascist political economy). These investments yielded high profits because of Der Fuehrer's political system, and naturally the political ideology that protected such capitalist opportunities was momentarily attractive to many foreign investors. [See Christopher Simpson's The Splendid Blond Beast (1995).]

The 10 items below were recently received at CEIMSA. The following essays serve to document the social history of contemporary society, where no small number of us feel an acute alienation, powerless to affect positive change. The recent and much advertised admonition: "Resist not evil !" which originates with the Christian Bible (Matthew 5:38-42) seems a strange injunction indeed, until we consider the concluding remarks in William Shirer's 1983 Foreword for Rise and Fall (sixth edition): "In our new age of terrifying, lethal gadgets, which supplanted so swiftly the old one, the first great aggressive war, if it should come, will be launched by suicidal little madmen pressing an electronic button. Such a war will not last long and none will ever follow it. There will be no conquerors and no conquests, but only the charred bones of the dead on an uninhabited planet." Or the conclusion of another brilliant study, the social history of Russia during the Second World War: "To the Russian people the thought of another war is doubly horrifying: for it would be a war without Sebastopol, Lenningrad or Stalingrad; a war in which  --everywhere-- there would be only victims and no heroes." (Alexander Werth, Russia At War (1964), p. 941.) Can we imagine strategies for change more radical than simply following the orthodoxy of political opposition and replacement? What actually existing social relationships in the present can we nurture in order to cultivate a more humane and creative future? Our CEIMSA Newsletter 38, written by Bertell Ollman, offers some suggestions, and so do several of the reflections below. . . .

Item A. is a 43-minute documentary film from Information Clearing House on General Smedley Butler and the American fascist conspiracy for a coup d'Etat 1933, after the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Item B. is an article from Consortium News exposing the American propaganda system and how it was concealed at the time of the Iran-Contra Affair in 1986.

Item C. is an article sent to us by UCSD Professor Fred Lonidier on a contemporary "view of U.S. labor from within."

Item D. is the short video, "A World of Hurt," produced by BBC journalist Simon Reeve who discusses the American financial industry's ties to the global oil industry.

Item E. is a short report on the U.S. Congressional Resolution calls for embargo against Iran from Real News Network.

Item F. is an interview by Michael Warschawski, co-founder of the Alternative Information Center with Gilbert Achcar, professor of Development Studies and International Relations at the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London and author of The Clash of Barbarisms: The Making of the New World Disorder, Eastern Cauldron: Islam, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq in a Marxist Mirror and The 33-Day War: Israel's War on Hezbollah in Lebanon and Its Consequences.

Item G. is an article sent to us by Professor Fred Lonidier on the Coca Cola truck drivers strike in San Diego County over the question of parity in the work-for-a-living milieu of Southern California.

Item H. is a report by Dahr Jamail on the Israeli assault on award-winning Palestinian journalist Mohammed Omer.
Item I. is a report by John Pilger on the Mohammed Omer attack by Israeli border guards on June 26, 2008, as he crossed the Allenby Bridge from Jordan into his Israeli-occupied homeland after receiving a distinguished journalism award in London.

Item J. is an Electric Politics podcast interview with British criminal lawyer, Philippe Sands, about the prosecution of George Bush and his accomplices in murder.

And finally, we invite CEIMSA readers to see the Democracy Now! broadcast on Ralph Nader, our conscience of the left in America, most of whom are resigned to do "the easiest thing" in stead of "the right thing," i.e.to choose the lesser evil.

Francis McCollum Feeley
Professor of American Studies
Director of Research
Université Stendhal Grenoble 3

from Information Clearing House :
Date: 4 July 2006
Subject: General Smedley Butler and the American fascist conspiracy of 1932.

America's Hidden History
The Plot To Overthrow FDR

The Plot To Overthrow FDR reveals how, inspired by political trends in Germany and Italy, this group conceived of a plan to either overthrow the newly-elected president or force him to take orders from them. They envisioned a paramilitary organization of disgruntled WWI veterans as the force to intimidate the government. The man they chose to inspire and lead this veteran's army was retired Marine General Smedley D. Butler

When Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the Presidency in 1932, many Americans looked to his bold New Deal plans as the way out of the dark days of the Depression. But a powerful group of financiers and industrialists saw his economic policies as a threat.

E-Book Available On This Topic  -The Plot To Seize The White House - By Jules Archer

(Runtime 43 Minutes)

from Consortium News :
Date: 3 July 2008
Subject: The "Lost Chapter"

As historians ponder George W. Bush's disastrous presidency, they may wonder how Republicans perfected a propaganda system that could fool tens of millions of Americans, intimidate Democrats, and transform the vaunted Washington press corps from watchdogs to lapdogs.

Exposed : Iran-Contra's 'Lost Chapter'
(How Regan Made It Possible for Bush To Attack Iraq)
by Robert Pqrry

from Fred Lonidier :
Date: 16 June 2008
Subject: The Crisis In Organized Labor--As Viewed From The Inside and Out

The Crisis In Organized Labor--As Viewed From The Inside and Out
by Steve Early

[Review of Bill Fletcher and Fernando Gapasin's_Solidarity Divided: The Crisis in Organized Labor and A New Path Toward Social Justice,_ (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008) 320 pp, $24.95.]
Although he looks old and tired today, AFL-CIO president John Sweeney was once hailed as a dynamic reformer, with a sharp eye for new talent. One of the first things he did, after getting elected in 1995, was appoint former Sixties' radicals to be federation field reps and department heads. In Washington, D.C. and around the country, Sweeney's "New Voice" administration quickly filled up with energetic ex-staffers of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), his own union. Among them were veterans of campus and community organizing, the civil rights and black power movements, feminism, and Vietnam-era anti-war activity. On the labor left, no single personnel decision by Sweeney raised higher hopes and expectations than Bill Fletcher being named education director (a job he had held, under Sweeney, at SEIU previously).

Bay Area labor journalist David Bacon was still in awe of Fletcher's  "key decision maker" role as Sweeneys assistant when he interviewed him for The Progressive in 2000. Bacon recounted Fletcher's background as an African-American activist and "self-described socialist," with ties to the Black Radical Congress and Marxist journal Monthly Review. Drawing on his own history as "a left-wing organizer," Bacon recalled the political hostility of AFL-CIO operatives during the era of George Meany and Lane Kirkland, Sweeney's conservative predecessors. "With Fletcher," he wrote, "I felt as though I was talking to someone from the same movement and history I've lived myself." Concluded Bacon: "Times have changed."

Not long after this interview appeared, times changed again. Fletcher was purged from his post and exiled to Silver Spring, Maryland, where he toiled briefly at the AFL's George Meany Center. Then, he left organized labor altogether, for half a decade, to replace anti-apartheid campaigner Randall Robinson as president of TransAfrica Forum. After that, Fletcher taught labor studies in New York City and began work with co-author Fernando Gapasin, a well-known West Coast Chicano labor activist, on a critique of organized labor during the Sweeney era and earlier periods, which has now been published by University of California Press. Their collaborative effort -- Solidarity Divided -- is quite unlike the usual "tell-all" tome by a presidential appointee who has quit the White House staff or been dropped from the Cabinet. In fact, we never do learn what personal falling out with Sweeney -- or political conflicts with his real inner circle -- led Fletcher to be pushed out the door of the "House of Labor." (In 2007, he was finally able to return, as a headquarters staffer for the American Federation of Government Employees.) Instead, we get a thoughtful, analytical overview of recent developments in American labor, and much of its earlier history as well. But, as a practical "guide for those seeking to reconstitute [a labor-based] Left and build a globally conscious social justice unionism in the U.S," the book contains many curious omissions. In fact, Solidarity Divided is far more detached (and lacking in specificity) than one might expect from authors long engaged in day-to-day trade union work and left-wing politics.

The book' report card on Sweeney is, in contrast, quite detailed and displays little of  Fletcher's previous bullishness about his boss (before he left his employ). In a Monthly Review article published in the summer of 2000 -- while Fletcher was still at the AFL -- he chided other labor radicals for their skepticism about "New Voice reforms."  He accused "this grousing element" of being deficient in both theory and practice" because they were prone to "simply criticizing whatever initiatives come from labors leadership." Instead, Fletcher argued, the labor left should "examine and organize around the inner dynamics of the trade union movement." He urged leftists to "interact with the New Voice leadership on the basis of a united front, " offering "critical support" for Sweeney and guarding against the AFL-CIOs "staunchly right-wing elements who would like nothing better than to regain their power."

Eight years later, those "staunchly right wing elements" no longer seem to be lurking in the wings, plotting a comeback. Rather, it's Sweeney himself, now in his mid-70s, who has become part of the problem. By hanging on to his job long past his once promised retirement age -- surrounded by the same tight-knit circle of former SEIU staffers who gave Fletcher the heave ho -- Sweeney helped create a new status quo at the AFL-CIO, which led some unions to question why they still needed to be part of it. In 2005, the frustration and/or complaints of seven disgruntled affiliates reached the boiling point. The result was Change To Win (CTW), a rival labor federation spearheaded by Sweeney's own alma mater, SEIU.

In Solidarity Divided, Fletcher and Gapasin express equal dissatisfaction with  "the inner dynamics" of both CTW and the AFL-CIO. The authors first compile a stinging critique of the latter under Sweeney. We learn now, for example, that his "reform efforts seemed to be running out of steam" as early as 1998.  The AFL-CIO president was already unable or unwilling to "replicate the exciting first months of his tenure" and "fell back into the consensus-building mode with which he seemed most comfortable." What Fletcher and Gapasin describe as "the essential conservatism of the Sweeney approach toward change" had negative consequences in a number of areas. Even in the early days of his presidency -- when Sweeney inherited the challenge of providing stronger strike support -- the "new" AFL-CIO reneged on commitments made to locked-out members of United Paper Workers Union Local 7837 at A.E. Staley Co., in Decatur, Illinois, scene of a long-running community-wide conflict.

As the authors note, the Decatur workers and their supporters "expected the New Voice team to champion their cause," but "they were to be disappointed" instead. Due to  UPIU leadership pressure for a contract settlement -- on almost any terms --"no significant support came from the national AFL-CIO, despite promises, implied and explicit." The Staley dispute "ended in defeat," as did the  Detroit newspaper strike, a multi-union fight that also "overlapped Sweeney's assumption of office" and became another "missed opportunity" for "mobilizing the union movement" around key "mass struggles."

Even in the areas of education and organizing -- where Sweeney initially got high marks from most observers -- the authors find deeper commitment lacking. One of Fletcher's first projects was creating "a member focused economics education  program."Common Sense Economics was conceived as a means of speaking about capitalism, class, and ultimately, the importance of new organizing and new trade unionism. Piloted in 1997, it received rave reviews; since then, insufficient
usage and engagement by the national AFL-CIO and its affiliates have undermined the achievement of the [program's]original objectives."

On the organizing front, Fletcher and Gapasin recount the AFL's short-lived  rallying of its staff on behalf of the United Farm Workers. By 1997, this once vibrant union "was a shadow of what it had been in the 1970s." Its weak infrastructure was, according to the authors, a legacy of internal purges conducted when union founder Cesar Chavez turned dictatorial and "eliminated many of his Left-leaning supporters, leaders, and staff, including numerous veteranos who had led previous UFW campaigns."

Nevertheless, Sweeney's Washington brain trust decided that "mobilizing major support" for  California strawberry worker organizing would demonstrate the AFL-CIO's commitment to low-wage immigrant workers -- and serve as a much-publicized "coming-out party" for its revived Organizing and Field Mobilization Departments. Despite initial enthusiasm, this heavily-funded effort "unraveled" within a few months, as the UFW drive "seemed to disintegrate." According to the authors, the cause of farm workers--as re-marketed by New Voicers in the late 1990s -- "did not gel as a social movement." Lacking an effective strategy and "the long-term commitment necessary to organize strawberry workers in a campaign that was essentially a major rebuilding effort," AFL staffers soon moved on to other projects. (In 2005, an ungrateful and/or resentful UFW quit the federation to join Change to Win.)

Reflecting their own political orientation (and organizational ties), the authors fault the AFL for not tackling the larger challenge of organizing the Sunbelt. They note that, "during its first five years in office, the Sweeney administration put forth rhetoric about organizing the South, but it accomplished little overall." Even an effort to just study the problem and begin outreach to potentially supportive "community-based organizations" failed and simply disappeared into the wind." Meanwhile, on another (and related) issue of concern to the authors -- racism -- Solidarity Divided accuses Sweeney of dropping the ball when the federation was asked to participate in a presidential Commission on Race. "The AFL-CIO took no initiative to support the Commission," created in 1997 to promote a "national dialogue" about race relations. The authors argue that the panel could have "advanced working people's interests" by holding "hearings around the U.S. in union halls and community centers" about discrimination in jobs, housing, and health care.

Solidarity Divided also describes, in some detail, how the "new" AFL-CIO maintained "a nearly uncritical relationship with the Democratic Party." Bill Clinton's 1996 repeal of welfare was, the authors say, "a de facto Republican initiative and should have been attacked for what it represents." Instead, " the AFL-CIO took a pass" and did nothing to defend "the poorest sections of the working class." Two years later, "in keeping with its alliance with Clinton, the AFL-CIO took the position that the World Trade Organization (WTO) could and should be reformed"-- on the eve of anti- globalization protests in Seattle where demonstrators were seeking to "sink or shrink" the WTO. Across the board, Fletcher and Gapasin find, the federation failed "to offer badly needed criticisms of the economic policies of the [Clinton] administration."

In 2000, lack of popular enthusiasm for Clinton heir Al Gore--as evidenced by some small labor defections to the Nader camp--led to the disastrous reign of George W. Bush. Further union woes ensued after 9/11.  Soon, "the strategic and policy paralysis of the AFL-CIO had become so clear that the ties binding the union movement started to unravel." Writing two years after the 2005 organizational split which followed, Fletcher and Gapasin "can identify very little significant change in organized labor"-- notwithstanding the many PR claims of CTW (which lead some to call it "Change To Spin").  Initially, one of the biggest fears of the authors (and others) was that feuding national federations might disrupt promising new work by the CLCs -- state and local central labor councils. Solidarity Divided cites "research by Gapasin for the AFL-CIO" showing that some CLCs "have transformed the labor movement in their communities" (while others have just displayed continuing "lethargy"). Never very excited about any Sweeney-era initiatives -- as they view them today -- the authors argue that "most ideas for reforming these central bodies" didn't "stray far from the existing paradigm of U.S. trade unionism" (with the exception of  Gapasin's own proposals for the AFLs Union Cities program).

Solidarity Divided is much preoccupied with the labor left's failure to "analyze" and "debate" this old "paradigm" properly, or wage "comprehensive struggle" against it. That's an understandable complaint from activist/intellectuals who find themselves stranded in a labor movement without the organized radical presence it had in the 1970s.  Back then, many unionized workplaces were flush with 60s-inspired agitators who devoted almost as much time to Marxist "study groups" (and related political sects) as they did to shop floor militancy. In contrast, most surviving members of this same generational cohort function  today merely as trade unionists -- whose politics long ago contracted into a semi-private creed. Their day-to-day work is very competent, even creative -- but it lacks the collectivity and broader agenda of thirty years ago.

Meanwhile, the frenetic activity of younger activists -- who missed out on the big radicalizing upsurges of the 1960s or 70s, on campus or off-- suffers from the same absence of a shared political framework. Many former New Leftists, as well as more recent recruits to the cause, realize they'd have greater impact if they were acting together on a cross-union basis regardless of what "business union" they're stuck in (and, hopefully, still trying to change).  Most labor leftists favor a stronger voice for workers -- on the job and in their unions. They also want to unite workers and community activists in common struggles because these, in turn, create expanded opportunities for rank-and-file education and leadership development.

Reform movements like Teamsters for a Democratic Union (TDU) and the fledgling SMART -- SEIU Member Activists For Reform Today -- remain a fertile ground for left- wing labor work. (See  www.reformSEIU.org or www.seiuvoice.org for more info on long-overdue, TDU-style activity within SEIU.) Other radicals continue to function in less oppositional fashion, by building the durable, 20-year old network of community-labor coalitions known as Jobs with Justice (JWJ). They also devote themselves to the scores of  immigrant "workers' centers" that fight for the foreign born and immigration reform. Some lefties wield influence in fighting unions like the California Nurses Associations (CNA) -- recently affiliated with the AFL-CIO -- and the still independent United Electrical Workers (UE), always a beacon of rank-and-file unionism. Veterans of "anti-imperialist" organizing during the Vietnam era launched US Labor Against The War to rally workers against the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003.  USLAW has steadily gained official backing,  while labor radicals active on other foreign policy fronts have developed strong cross-border ties with union organizers and free trade foes in South and Central America. Last but not least, indigenous militants and leftists of varying hues have kept Labor Notes afloat for nearly three decades. The Detroit-based monthly newsletter (and related labor education project) has been a vital source of alternative union news and views, plus a key catalyst for rank-and-file  organizing and strike support. In April of this year, 1,100 Labor Notes backers had one of their largest, liveliest, and most diverse gatherings ever.  This two-day solidarity conference in Dearborn, Michigan attracted hundreds of local officers or stewards from SEIU, CNA, AFSCME, the Teamsters, CWA, IBEW, UAW, ILA, and other unions, here and abroad. Many left the meeting with a copy of "Troublemaker's Handbook," a thick Labor Notes guide to workplace activism and "social movement unionism" that (in two editions) has sold more than 32,000 copies --reaching an audience of working class readers far larger than Fletcher and Gapasin are likely to find with a university press book like Solidarity Divided.

Strangely enough, their book fails to acknowledge the existence of Labor Notes anywhere in its 288 pages --even though they favor a "more open approach to [union] education."  In the authors' account of events in the 1990s, TDU gets a passing pat on the head (for being a surviving 70s "caucus"); but its central role in making Ron Carey president of the Teamsters in 1991 -- and Carey's subsequent critical support for  Sweeney's election in 1995 -- is barely noted. Despite very successful political work in California -- and a distinctive critique of labor-management partnerships -- CNA gets no mention in a chapter titled, "Putting The Left Foot Forward."  Also missing from the book is any sense of the rank-and-file backlash that's been developing within SEIU against its top-down, anti-democratic methods. (The authors do agree that "the SEIU model" of forced membership consolidation into locals with little opportunity for "worker control" is "not the only solution to problems of competitive markets and aggressive employers." ) While touting "internal democracy" and "membership votes" throughout labor, Fletcher and Gapasin manage to ignore the singular contribution of the Association for Union Democracy (AUD), another left-initiated project which has, for  forty years, fostered a more "democratic union culture." Even the huge immigrant work stoppages that occurred during the spring of 2006 get less attention, in the book's concluding chapter (on "Strategies for Transformation"), than "central labor councils" and "non-majority unionism."

Jobs with Justice does get the F & G seal of approval (sort of). But, at the same time, Solidarity Divided makes the factually-challenged assertion that JWJ is not really a "union-community coalition" after all--at least compared to the authors' preferred model, which is the Black Workers for Justice (BWFJ) in North Carolina.  According to Fletcher and Gapasin, BWFJ "is open to both union and non-union workers [and] plays an active role in both workplace-based and community-based struggles." (It's also small and limited to one state.) Meanwhile, JWJ --with active multi-racial affiliates in 40 cities and 25 states -- doesn't fit this description?  In reality, it does --in far more places, on a much larger scale. To add insult to injury, the authors have the chutzpah to highlight --in my own state of Massachusetts -- a recently launched, union-bureaucrat dominated competitor to JWJ known as Community Labor United (CLU). With little supporting evidence --because not much is available --Fletcher and Gapasin theorize that the CLU could become a "working people's assembly" in Boston--"a joint concentration of progressive forces" based on "real (rather than symbolic) solidarity." Such a development would certainly surprise Massachusetts JWJ supporters. Since that's exactly the kind of solidarity that JWJ has long promoted by working --in feisty and independent fashion -- with or without the cooperation of the Boston Central Labor Council and state AFL-CIO In contrast, the CLU has been, from birth, an appendage of the CLC--even housed in its offices. As such, it's far less likely to become a local reincarnation of the Knights of Labor!

To this reader, therefore, the Fletcher/Gapasin road map to "social justice unionism" seems sketchy and incomplete.  It doesn't do justice to some of the most valiant efforts to move the ball down the field in the direction of that goal. And it's little consolation to learn that "no existing union or formal labor body" --anywhere in the country -- "is practicing social justice unionism" or "social justice solidarity," as the authors define and describe these organizational holy grails.  Appended to the book, we do find a 20-page account of "local union transformation" -- written by Gapasin and focusing, in the authors' approved fashion, on the intersection of race, class, and gender. Unfortunately, this takes the form of an academic-style "blind study"--quite unlike all the "how-to" sections of Troublemaker's Handbook. Gapasin disguises the name, location, and other details about the local involved-- so forget about contacting anyone there for further information and advice about overhauling your own local.

The authors conclude with an indisputable point: "If the union movement is to shift further left, the left-wing forces within it must achieve organizational coherence."  But here again, Solidarity Divided is strangely silent about the efforts made, just several years ago, to hold a series of  "Labor Left Meetings" at which, it was hoped, radical trade unionists would finally cohere into a more formalized network. Various groups on the left -- Solidarity, the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism (CCDS), the Freedom Road Socialist Organization (FRSO), Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) and other "political tendencies" -- were represented in that process. (FRSO later came to a fork in the "road" -- and split, so there are now two of them.) This reviewer was one of the meeting participants; Gapasin and Fletcher were
among the original convenors or organizers.  Yet, in Solidarity Divided, the whole two-year labor left "regroupment" attempt, involving several hundred people, has disappeared down the Orwellian "memory hole" -- along with any useful lessons to be derived from it.  In addition, none of the "real existing" socialist groups involved are even mentioned in the book, nor do we learn anything about their respective "trade union practice."

Perhaps such blind spots are inevitable in any work of history produced by participant/observers writing about recent events or institutions in which they are still involved.  But Solidarity Divided would have been a stronger, more useful guide to labor left activism --now and in the future -- if it was less theoretical and generally prescriptive and, instead, more accurately described the actual struggles, setbacks, and accomplishments of union radicals.

Steve Early worked for 27 years as a Boston-based international union representative and organizer for the Communications Workers of America. He is a longtime contributor to Labor Notes and a supporter of Massachusetts Jobs With Justice. He is currently working on a book for Cornell  ILR Press on the role of Sixties' radicals in American unions. He can be reached at Lsupport@aol.com)

from Information Clearing House :
Date: 1 July 2008
Subject: Why USA and Israel Will Attack Iran.

(Video - 8 minutes)
A World Of Hurt
by Simon Reeve

from ICH :
Date: 3 July 2008
Subject: U.S. Congressional Resolution calls for embargo against Iran.

Congress is calling for President Bush to ban all exports of refined petroleum going into Iran to help stop its nuclear program. US House Res.362 demands "stringent inspection requirements on all persons, vehicles, ships, planes, trains, and cargo entering or departing Iran." Although Iran has one of the largest oil reserves in the world, it relies on imports for over 40% of its refined petroleum.

An Act Of War

from ZMag :
Date: 29 May 2008
Subject: Strategies in the Middle East.

During this conversation, Gilbert Achcar and Michael Warschawski discussed the current situation in Lebanon, Iran's involvement in Iraq and its relations with Syria and the Hezbollah, US foreign policy in the region in the context of the upcoming presidential elections, and the possibility of American and Israeli military strikes on Lebanon or Iran.

(Z-Audio - 30 minutes)

American, Israeli and Iranian Strategies in the Middle East Conflict
by Gilbert Achcar



from Fred Lonidier :
Date: 1 July 2008
Subject: Coke Walkout: Boycott of Coca Cola Products For the 4th of July Weekend

For Immediate Release
July 1, 2008

Contact: Hilda Delgado
(213) 700-3142

Nearly 600 Coca Cola Drivers, Warehouse Workers walk out of the job today
in solidarity with striking Oceanside employees

Teamsters to hold press conference to announce Boycott of Coca Cola Products For the 4th of July Weekend

San Diego, Calif. - Over 600 Drivers and warehouse employees at Coca Cola Enterprises in San Diego walked out of the job at noon in solidarity with Oceanside striking workers who seek parity with other drivers and other CCE workers in Southern California.  According to union officials, the strike may affect deliveries at over 800 stores in Southern California.

The 600 workers at Coca Cola Enterprises in San Diego represented by the Teamsters Local 683 bargaining unit walked out at noon today to support workers in Oceanside, who began a strike on Monday.

"Coca Cola Enterprises wants to treat its Oceanside workers as second class citizens," said Teamsters Local 683 Secretary-Treasurer Shannon R. Silva. "They want to drag down the standard of living for Oceanside workers.  These workers deserve parity with other CCE employees in Orange, San Diego and Los Angeles County."

"Coca Cola Enterprises has refused to acknowledge the legitimate demands of its Teamster-represented employees who want nothing more than parity with what fellow Teamster drivers and warehouse workers in Southern California earn," added Silva.

On June 27, 2008, AP reported that E. Neville Isdell CEO of The Coca Cola Co. was the number 2 top earner at a company in the consumer staple sector next to Lee Scott of Wal-Mart Stores Inc. The Oceanside employees are not asking to be the highest earners.  They are just looking to be equal.

Teamsters will announce a boycott against Coca Cola products on Thursday, July 3, 2008 at noon, at a press conference that will be held at Teamsters Local 683, 2731 B Street, San Diego, CA 92102

Coca Cola products include: Coca Cola, Diet Coke, Fanta, Dr. Pepper, Fresca, Sprite, Minute Maid, Dasani Water, Squirt, Rockstar, and Canada Dry among others.  Workers urge the public at large to boycott all Coca Cola products during the highest Coca Cola sales on 4th of July.  The strike and boycott is expected to continue until Coca Cola Enterprises agrees to settle a contract that will provide equality for drivers and warehouse workers in Oceanside.
In Solidarity,
Ryan Mims
Field Organizer
3717 Camino Del Rio S.
San Diego CA 92108
619-228-8101 ext. 4
rm/OPEIU - 537 AFL-CIO
The April Labor Leader has been posted at unionyes.org. http://www.unionyes.org/this_month.html

from Dahr Jamail :
Date: 3 July 2008
Subject: Israeli attacks on award-winning journalist Mohammed Omer.
Le Monde Diplomatique

He Lacks Privilege
by Dahr Jamail

On June 16 I was the co-recipient of the Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism with Mohammed Omer in London. Omer is a 24 year-old Palestinian with whom I felt, and feel, honored to have shared this award. During my brief talk while accepting the award, I told the audience I could not think of anyone else I would rather share the award with. Omers work from his Gaza homeland has been a beacon of humanitarian reportage; his work serves as a model of peace and attempted reconciliation with Israel for the youth in his occupied territory.

Unlike me, Omers journey to London to receive the award was next to impossible. When I heard the news that I was a co-recipient, I simply booked my flight from San Francisco and boarded my plane. Omer whose home has been crushed by an Israeli bulldozer and who has seen most of his seven siblings killed or maimed by the Israeli army which occupies his homeland struggled even to get an exit visa. The veteran journalist John Pilger, who handed us each our award, described his journey: Getting Mohammed to London to receive his prize was a major diplomatic operation. Israel has perfidious control over Gaza's borders, and only with a Dutch embassy escort was he allowed out.

Then, after the ceremony, came our even more different return journeys. My biggest problem was an hours delay for the flight back to my home country -- which last year gave Israel $2.38bn in military aid. And will again give that same amount for the coming fiscal year, along with an extra $150m. (As of July 2006 direct US aid to Israel had reached $108bn according to conservative estimates.)

Omer, on his return home last Thursday, was tortured by Israels security forces, Shin Bet. He was met by a Dutch official at the Allenby Bridge crossing (from Jordan to the West Bank) who was to ferry him back into Gaza. The official waited outside for Omer as he entered the Israeli building. Inside, Omer was told he was not allowed to call this embassy escort when he asked to do so; a Shin Bet officer searched his luggage and documents, and asked him for his English pounds.

Omer was surrounded by eight armed Shin Bet officers. This is how he described what happened next. A man called Avi ordered me to take off my clothes. I had already been through an x-ray machine. I stripped down to my underwear and was
told to take off everything. When I refused, Avi put his hand on his gun. I began to cry: 'Why are you treating me this way? I am a human being.' He said, 'This is nothing compared with what you will see now.' He took his gun out, pressing it to my head and with his full body weight pinning me on my side, he forcibly removed my underwear. He then made me do a concocted sort of dance. Another man, who was laughing, said: 'Why are you bringing perfumes?' I replied: 'They are gifts for
the people I love'. He said: 'Oh, do you have love in your culture?

"I had now been without food and water and the toilet for 12 hours and, having been made to stand, my legs buckled. I vomited and passed out. All I remember is one of them gouging, scraping and clawing with his nails at the tender flesh beneath my eyes. He scooped my head and dug his fingers in near the auditory nerves between my head and eardrum. The pain became sharper as he dug in two fingers at a time. Another man had his combat boot on my neck, pressing it into the hard floor. I lay there for over an hour. The room became a menagerie of pain, sound and terror."

Consider the fact that the Israeli Supreme Court has allowed the use of moderate physical pressure in the questioning of prisoners. Israel holds more than 10,000 Palestinian prisoners, many of them under administrative detention (no charges filed, detention can be renewed every six months).

Now consider the fourth Geneva Convention (1949): (1) Persons taking no active part in the hostilitiesshall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria.

To this end the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons: (a) violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;(c) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment

Former Dutch ambassador Jan Wijenberg said of what happened to Omer: This is by no means an isolated incident, but part of a long-term strategy to demolish Palestinian social, economic and cultural life ... I am aware of the possibility that Mohammed Omer might be murdered by Israeli snipers or bomb attack in the near future.

Janet McMahon, managing editor of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs with whom Omer files stories, just told me he is still in hospital. He may go home, or have an operation. He's still in a lot of pain and its hard for him to swallow, or to breathe deeply. He's being fed intravenously.
As Omers colleague, I cannot reconcile the disparity in our experiences. How can we reconcile something that is irreconcilable in the absence of all justice?

from John Pilger :
Date: 3 July 2008
Subject: Israel's treatment of an award-winning young Palestinian journalist is part of a terrible pattern.

Israel's treatment of an award-winning young Palestinian journalist is part of a terrible pattern

by John Pilger


Two weeks ago, I presented a young Palestinian, Mohammed Omer, with the 2008 Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism. Awarded in memory of the great US war correspondent, the prize goes to journalists who expose establishment propaganda, or "official drivel", as Gellhorn called it. Mohammed shares the prize of 5,000 with Dahr Jamail. At 24, he is the youngest winner. His citation reads: "Every day, he reports from a war zone, where he is also a prisoner. His homeland, Gaza, is surrounded, starved, attacked, forgotten. He is a profoundly humane witness to one of the great injustices of our time. He is the voice of the voiceless." The eldest of eight, Mohammed has seen most of his siblings killed or wounded or maimed. An Israeli bulldozer crushed his home while the family were inside, seriously injuring his mother. And yet, says a former Dutch ambassador, Jan Wijenberg, "he is a moderating voice, urging Palestinian youth not to court hatred but seek peace with Israel".

Getting Mohammed to London to receive his prize was a major diplomatic operation. Israel has perfidious control over Gaza's borders, and only with a Dutch embassy escort was he allowed out. Last Thursday, on his return journey, he was met at the Allenby Bridge crossing (to Jordan) by a Dutch official, who waited outside the Israeli building, unaware Mohammed had been seized by Shin Bet, Israel's infamous security organisation. Mohammed was told to turn off his mobile and remove the battery. He asked if he could call his embassy escort and was told forcefully he could not. A man stood over his luggage, picking through his documents. "Where's the money?" he demanded. Mohammed produced some US dollars. "Where is the English pound you have?"

"I realised," said Mohammed, "he was after the award stipend for the Martha Gellhorn prize. I told him I didn't have it with me. 'You are lying', he said. I was now surrounded by eight Shin Bet officers, all armed. The man called Avi ordered me to take off my clothes. I had already been through an x-ray machine. I stripped down to my underwear and was told to take off everything. When I refused, Avi put his hand on his gun. I began to cry: 'Why are you treating me this way? I am a human being.' He said, 'This is nothing compared with what you will see now.' He took his gun out, pressing it to my head and with his full body weight pinning me on my side, he forcibly removed my underwear. He then made me do a concocted sort of dance. Another man, who was laughing, said, 'Why are you bringing perfumes?' I replied, 'They are gifts for the people I love'. He said, 'Oh, do you have love in your culture?'

"As they ridiculed me, they took delight most in mocking letters I had received from readers in England. I had now been without food and water and the toilet for 12 hours, and having been made to stand, my legs buckled. I vomited and passed out. All I remember is one of them gouging, scraping and clawing with his nails at the tender flesh beneath my eyes. He scooped my head and dug his fingers in near the auditory nerves between my head and eardrum. The pain became sharper as he dug in two fingers at a time. Another man had his combat boot on my neck, pressing into the hard floor. I lay there for over an hour. The room became a menagerie of pain, sound and terror."

An ambulance was called and told to take Mohammed to a hospital, but only after he had signed a statement indemnifying the Israelis from his suffering in their custody. The Palestinian medic refused, courageously, and said he would contact the Dutch embassy escort. Alarmed, the Israelis let the ambulance go. The Israeli response has been the familiar line that Mohammed was "suspected" of smuggling and "lost his balance" during a "fair" interrogation, Reuters reported yesterday.

Israeli human rights groups have documented the routine torture of Palestinians by Shin Bet agents with "beatings, painful binding, back bending, body stretching and prolonged sleep deprivation". Amnesty has long reported the widespread use of torture by Israel, whose victims emerge as mere shadows of their former selves. Some never return. Israel is high in an international league table for its murder of journalists, especially Palestinian journalists, who receive barely a fraction of the kind of coverage given to the BBC's Alan Johnston.

The Dutch government says it is shocked by Mohammed Omer's treatment. The former ambassador Jan Wijenberg said: "This is by no means an isolated incident, but part of a long-term strategy to demolish Palestinian social, economic and cultural life ... I am aware of the possibility that Mohammed Omer might be murdered by Israeli snipers or bomb attack in the near future."

While Mohammed was receiving his prize in London, the new Israeli ambassador to Britain, Ron Proser, was publicly complaining that many Britons no longer appreciated the uniqueness of Israel's democracy. Perhaps they do now.

from George Kenney :
Date: 4 July 2008
Subject: Podcast interview re torture w/ Philippe Sands.

Dear Francis,
   From the beginning I've believed that Bush and those under him won't -- indeed, can't -- escape legal punishment for their practice of torture. But that's a minority view: it's been pretty easy for people to shrug, to take the cynical attitude that justice will never be done.
   Here, I talk with Philippe Sands, a seasoned British lawyer with experience, for example, in international efforts to prosecute General Pinochet. Philippe's new book, Torture Team, is an excruciating case study/history of one set of memos that approved and laid the groundwork for systematic, official torture conducted by the United States Government. It should be read as an indictment. In Philippe's view everything is there for international criminal prosecution of President Bush and officials under him who were involved, especially including those lawyers who wrote the memos (and it should be said, almost certainly a great deal more remains to be discovered).
   Now, I've read, watched, and listened to quite a number of other interviews Philippe has given, and his recent testimony before both the Senate and the House, and to be honest, I'm not sure exactly how much is new here. There is some, but there's also a lot of overlap. Nevertheless, I structured the flow of questions very carefully to get at what I think is important, I learned a lot talking with Philippe, and if you're following the torture issue as I do then you may also find this one helpful.
   As always, please feel free to redistribute the link however you think may be appropriate.


(audio podcast)