Subject: Anglo-Saxon Law . . .
Terrorism . . .
and enter The Honorable SIR DANIEL BETHLEHEM KCMG QC.
Dear Colleagues and Friends of CEIMSA,
The great Aristotle once wrote that the slave mentality is innate, many people are simply born that way. Toward the end of the 19th century, Friedrich Nietzsche wrote that Übermenschen are to men, as men are to animals. Human nature endows the ‘superior’ man with the power to hunt, to enslave and even to kill his inferiors.
Historically, the formation of civil law evolved in societies to provide necessary protections against such rapport de force, and against the ideological apostles that are produced by our civilization and who serve to justify the use of violence in the name of realpolitik.
The legal history of the Anglo-Saxon world is of vital interest today, given the monumental cultural regressions we are now witnessing.
Anglo-Saxon legal tradition can be traced back to 1215, after the assassination of Thomas À-Becket (1118-1170) by the armed guards of King Henry II, to when King John signed the Magna Carta, which guaranteed specific legal rights to all citizens, such as the writ of Habeas Corpus –the guarantee that an accused must be informed of what crime he/she has been charged with—and eventually the right of every citizen to trial by a jury of his/her peers. Before this time in England, as in the rest of medieval Europe, ecclesiastical laws were practiced , by which, for example, an accused –say a woman charged with practicing witchcraft— could be bound and thrown into a river. If the current carried her safely to shore, then it was deemed that she was innocent and God had saved her; if the poor woman drowned, then it was a sign that she was guilty and that God had punished her. Contending with this Christian system of injustice, was another legal practice in medieval England before 1215. It was secular law by royal decree. The aristocratic members of the royal court simply served as judge, jury and executioner, enforcing the decrees of the crown. There existed no legal appeal, no right to representation by legal counsel.
King John’s signature on the Magna Carta in June 1215, marked the beginning of a new system of justice that has greatly influenced western jurisprudence. Since 1215, we have experienced periods of political regression in western systems of justice, most notably the infamous Kiel Schule, under the Nazi regime in Europe.
One of the Nazi Party’s leading lawyers, Hans Frank (1900–1946; hanged at Nuremberg), in this sense advocated for the need to base German society on the foundations of a legal system which suited the purposes of charismatic leadership.40 He wished to legally legitimise the idea of a ‘strong ruler’ who could directly appeal to the masses. The Führer should stand above the law, because an ‘efficient’ government is more important than constitutionalism.
Similarly, Ernst Rudolf Huber (1903–1990), who was at that time a prominent constitutional law professor at the University of Kiel, thought it was ‘impossible to measure the laws of the Führer against a higher concept of law’, because ‘in the Führer the essential principles of the Volk come into manifestation’.41 As ‘the executor of the nation’s common will’, Huber contended that the power of the Führer should be ‘comprehensive and total’, because such a power was a personalised political power that should remain ‘free and independent, exclusive and unlimited’.42
--For more, please see: The Darwinian roots of the Nazi legal system
by Augusto Zimmermann
See, also: German Legal System and Laws 4th Edition
by Nigel Foster & Satish Sule
Below, the first item is an article by Craig Murray which describes a more recent regression in the field of jurisprudence, the judicial “reform” of Great Britain in 2004, permitting legally sanctioned assassinations of British citizens (without due process of trial and legal defense).
The other items which follow confirm the existence of this type of extrajudicial killing that has been systematically practiced repeatedly by state officials during times of capitalist crises.
Professor of American Studies
University of Grenoble-3
Director of Research
University of Paris-Nanterre
Center for the Advanced Study of American Institutions and Social Movements
Exclusive: I Can Reveal the Legal Advice on Drone Strikes,
and How the Establishment
by Craig Murray
Craig Murray is an author, broadcaster and human rights activist. He was British Ambassador to Uzbekistan from August 2002 to October 2004 and Rector of the University of Dundee from 2007 to 2010. - https://www.craigmurray.org.uk
by Laura Poitras
Part I (9 mins)
Part II (1:42 mins)
Confessions d'un tueur à gages économique (John Perkins, en français)
With a Record Backing Coups, Secret War & Genocide,
Is Kissinger an Elder Statesman or War Criminal?