Bulletin #703





23 June 2016
Grenoble, France


Dear Colleagues and Friends of CEIMSA,


I was recently re-reading Paulo Freire’s small Penguin Books edition of Cultural Action for Freedom (1972), which I had first read as a graduate student in history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. We had been assigned Freire’s classic work, Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1968, 1970), and I found it so interesting I wanted to know more about his thinking. I was not disappointed.


In the period of the anti-war movement, many students were committed to interact with ‘the uncritical masses’. “In mass society,” Freire taught us,


ways of thinking become as standardized as ways of dressing and tastes in food. Men begin thinking and acting according to the prescriptions they receive

daily from the [corporate media] rather than in response to their dialectical relationships with the world.(p.80)


We learned to identify around us the presence of a ‘death wish’, which mythologized science and technology for social stability in the ‘necropolis’. In the cultural revolution, science is no longer at the service of domination. The right-wing cultural elite have targeted freedom to produce silence, while we engaged in critical dialogue with people to encourage self-realization against the corporate forces of inertia.


“Cultural Action for Freedom” was first published as a monograph in Harvard Educational Review in 1970. It was subsequently produced as a “pocket size” book that served as a source of energy and inspiration for anyone wishing to change society, which is (or at least ought to be) the vocation of all teachers. The first part of this two-part book is entitled, “The Adult Literacy Process as Cultural Action for Freedom,” and it begins with a short section on how “every educational practice implies a concept of man and the world.” The phony educators, according to Freire, produce lessons to be “mechanically memorized and repeated, [depriving their students] of the authentic dimension of thought-language in dynamic interplay with reality. Thus impoverished, they are not authentic expressions of the world.”(p.26) He goes on to elaborate on this concept of “languaging” as a social activity with political implications.


   To be an act of knowing the adult literacy process demands among teachers and students a relationship of authentic dialogue. True dialogue unites subjects

together in the cognition of a knowable object which mediates between them.   . . .

   In so far as language is impossible without thought, and language and thought are impossible without the world to which they refer, the human word is more

than vocabulary –it is word-and-action. The cognitive dimensions of the literacy process must include the relationships of men (sic) with their world. These

relationships are the source of the dialectic between the products men achieve in transforming the world and the conditioning which these products in turn exercise

on men.  . . .


   For the learner to know what he did not know before, he must engage in an authentic process of abstraction by means of which he can reflect on the action-object

whole, or, more generally, on forms of orientation in the world. In this process of abstraction, situations representative of how the learner orients himself in the world

are proposed to him as the objects of his critique.

   The adult literacy process as an act of knowing implies the existence of two interrelated contexts. One is the context of authentic dialogue between learners and

educators as equally knowing subjects. This is what schools should be –the theoretical context of dialogue. The second is the real, concret context of facts, the social

reality in which men exist. (p.31-32)


Freire then suggests that learners must constantly reconstruct “their former admiration for reality” :


   To admire is to objectify the ‘not-I’. It is a dialectical operation which characterizes man as man, differentiating between him and the animal. It is directly

associated with the creative dimension of his language. To ‘ad-mire’ implies that man stands over against his ‘not-I’ in order to understand it. For this reason,

there is no act of knowing without ‘admiration’ of the object to be known. If the act of knowing is a dynamic act –and no knowledge is ever complete- then in

order to know, man not only ‘ad-mires’ the object, but must be ‘re-admiring’ his former ‘ad-miration’.  . . .  This ‘re-admiration’ leads us to a perception of an

anterior perception.  . . .

   The learners must discover the reasons behind many of their attitudes toward cultural reality and thus confront cultural reality in a new way. ‘Re-admiration’

of their former ‘ad-miration’ is necessary in order to bring this about. The learner’s capacity for critical knowledge –well beyond mere opinion- is established in

the process of unveiling their relationship with the historical-cultural world in and with which they exist.(p.35-36)


A few pages later, Freire illustrates this species of self-revelation, by a conversation with a Brazilian peasant who had recently entered the literacy program.


   We asked [one man] finishing the first level of literacy classes, why he hadn’t learned to read and write before the agrarian reform.

  -‘Before the agrarian reform, my friend,’ he said, ‘I didn’t even think. Neither did my friends.’

  - ‘Why?’ we asked.

   -‘Because it wasn’t possible. We lived under orders. We only had to carry out orders. We had nothing to say,’ he replied emphatically.

   The simple answer of this peasant is a very clear analysis of ‘the culture of silence’. In ‘the culture of silence’, to exist is only to live. The body

carries out orders from above. Thinking is difficult, speaking the word, forbidden.

   -‘When all this land belonged to one latifundio,’ said another man in the same conversation, ‘there was no reason to read and write. We weren’t

responsible for anything. The boss gave the orders and we obeyed. Why read and write? Now it’s a different story.’(p.43)



In Part Two of this book, "Cultural Action and Conscientization," Freire begins by discussing the concepts of living in and existing with the world :


   Whereas the being which merely lives is not capable of reflecting upon itself and knowing itself living in the world, the existent subject reflects upon his

life within the very domain of existence, and questions his relationship with the world. His domain of existence is the domain of work, of history, of culture,

of values—the domain in which men experience the dialectic between determinism and freedom.

   If they did not server their adherence to the world and emerge from it as consciousness constituted in the ‘ad-miration’ of the world as its object, men

would be merely determinate beings, and it would be impossible to think in terms of their liberation. Only beings who can reflect upon the fact that they

are determined are capable of freeing themselves. Their reflectiveness results not just in a vague and uncommitted awareness, but in the exercise of a

profoundly transforming action upon the determining reality. Consciousness of and action upon reality are, therefore, inseparable constituents of the

transforming act by which men become beings of relation. By their characteristic reflection, intentionality; temporality and ‘transcendence’, men’s

consciousness and action are distinct from the mere contacts of animals with the world. The animals’ contacts are a-critical; they do not go beyond the

association of sensory images through experience. They are singular and not plural. Animals not elaborate goals; they exist at the level of immersion

and are thus a-temporal.

   Engagement and objective distance, understanding reality as object, understanding the significance of men’s action upon objective reality, creative

communication about the object by means of language, plurality of responses to a single challenge –these varied dimensions testify to the existence of

critical reflection in men’s relationships with the world. Consciousness is constituted in the dialectic of man’s objectification of and action upon the world.

However, consciousness is never a mere reflection of, but a reflection upon, material reality.(p.52-53)


In a world of zombies, Freire supported the struggle for human liberation, the first step toward which was the recognition of the obstacles to liberation. This cultural activity would create community and introduce a new critical dimension to people’s lives --this was what he hoped for the future.


Filoche président ! Mais d’abord, retrait de la loi El Khomri et son monde



In the 15 items below, CEIMSA readers will uncover the practico-inert in post-coup-d’état society, which requires personal interaction for mutual understanding in the midst of ruling-class attacks using zombies who would silence us and create a future of deep despair, thereby protecting the privileges and the great wealth and the sacred system that supports them.






Francis Feeley

Professor of American Studies

University of Grenoble-3

Director of Research

University of Paris-Nanterre

Center for the Advanced Study of American Institutions and Social Movements

The University of California-San Diego






I Helped Create ISIS


byVincent Emanuele




From: "John Clark" <clark@loyno.edu>
To: "Francis Feeley" <francis.feeley@u-grenoble3.fr>
Sent: Tuesday, 14 June, 2016 5:20:48 PM



The Lesser of Evils Versus the Common Good: On the Poverty of Ideology

in the Washington Post





The Illustrated version of "The Lesser of Evils Versus the Common Good(recommended) at:




Julian Assange: Next Leak of Hillary Clinton Emails Will Be Enough to Indict Her, but ...





At The People's Summit in Chicago.


RoseAnn DeMoro: Sanders Campaign a Historic Source of Political Education

At The People's Summit in Chicago, Executive Director of National Nurses United Roseann DeMoro says that the Sanders campaign has made the immense influence of Wall Street on the Democratic Party apparent, and that many don't have faith that the party is reformable




From: "Michael Albert" <sysop@zmag.org>
To: "Francis Feeley" <francis.feeley@u-grenoble3.fr>
Sent: Tuesday, 14 June, 2016 5:21:56 PM



Thanks for the link to the program project…

I will look at your piece soon…meanwhile, you may find the one I just put up to day on znet relevant to the debate - which is what it focuses on…

Michael Albert


Lesser Evilism


by Michael Albert




From: "Edward S Herman" <hermane@wharton.upenn.edu>
Subject: Fw: [shamireaders] Fwd: John V Walsh



It is interesting that none of these strong voices can be heard in the mainstream media. even with a whisper.

ed herman



Dear All,


Hillary is supported by the Military Industrial Complex, the Neocons and even the current State Department is eagerly waiting for her in the White House.


The only real difference is that a Clinton presidency absolutely means more Middle East wars, and a Trump presidency may not. Which is why the Republican establishment is doing its best to ensure that Trump loses which is what AIPAC (Israel Lobby) wants, sensing that someone with his wealth and ego may not be as malleable as Hillary, who they now already have deep in their pockets, totally compromised.

Trump seems like a loose cannon – but he did not become a billionaire several times over by being foolishly incompetent.




Trump as the ‘Relative Peace Candidate’


The danger to the rest of us is not Trump, but Hillary Clinton. She is no maverick. She embodies the resilience and violence of a system whose vaunted ‘exceptionalism’ is totalitarian with an occasional liberal face.”





Hillary Clinton’s Project For A New American Century


by Dan Wright




Kill List: Smashing the 'B' in BRICS


by Pepe Escobar




We Must Understand Corporate Power to Fight It


by Chris Hedges




Hollande Capitulates to EU Pressure on Labor Laws

Risking His Own Presidency

Renaud Lambert of Le Monde Diplomatique says Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, came to France to endorse Hollande

and his decree on restrictive labor reforms




From: "Mark Crispin Miller" <markcrispinmiller@gmail.com>
To: "newsfromunderground" <newsfromunderground@googlegroups.com>
Sent: Friday, 17 June, 2016 9:27:52 PM
Subject: [MCM] Stock market rallies on Jo Cox's murder



← Why Brexit Is Such a Threat to the New World Order

Stock Market Rallies on Murder of Jo Cox; Wall Street Journal Defends It

By Pam Martens and Russ Martens: June 17, 2016

Jo Cox, Member of Parliament, Was Murdered on Thursday, June 16, 2016

Jo Cox, Member of Parliament, Was Murdered on Thursday, June 16, 2016; U.S. Stocks Rallied on the News

The U.S. stock market was mired in red ink yesterday morning with every major Wall Street bank trading down on news that multiple polls in Britain were showing that a majority of citizens were in favor of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union (EU). A referendum vote on the issue is to be held next Thursday.

Then, at 12:17 p.m. New York time yesterday, Bloomberg News printed the following headline: “U.K. Lawmaker Jo Cox Is Murdered, Silencing Brexit Debate.” Cox was a Member of Parliament from the Labour Party who was an advocate for the U.K. remaining in the EU. Cox, a mother of two children, was shot and stabbed by a man said to be in favor of Brexit, the term for a British exit from the EU. On the news of her death, which fueled the market perception that it would dampen the zeal to leave the EU, the pound and euro rallied along with the Dow Jones Industrial Average and Wall Street bank stocks.

After the U.S. market closed, with the Dow up 92 points on the day, an abrupt turnaround from morning trading, James Mackintosh penned an article at the Wall Street Journal taking note that markets can appear “callous,” but justifying the market reaction to the death of Cox with this line of reasoning:

“But one of the points of markets is that they are amoral. Not immoral — although much of the wrongdoing uncovered after the financial crisis certainly was — but unconcerned with morality at all. They are deliberately unfeeling, heartless and unsympathetic, because they exist to balance out millions of individual views in order to allocate capital and assess risk.”

This is simplistic and naively wrong on so many levels. Let’s start with the U.S. market’s ability to “allocate capital and assess risk.” Here’s what Ron Chernow correctly had to say on this subject back in 2001 in the New York Times:

“Let us be clear about the magnitude of the Nasdaq collapse. The tumble has been so steep and so bloody —  close to $4 trillion in market value erased in one year — that it amounts to nearly four times the carnage recorded in the October 1987 crash.” Chernow likened the NASDAQ stock market to a “lunatic control tower that directed most incoming planes to a bustling, congested airport known as the New Economy while another, depressed airport, the Old Economy, stagnated with empty runways. The market functioned as a vast, erratic mechanism for misallocating capital across America.”

The U.S. stock market at that time was corrupted by crooked research analysts at the still crooked Wall Street mega banks who were pumping out buy recommendations to the public while internally calling the stocks “crap,” and debating how to put lipstick on the pigs they were peddling.

Instead of cleaning up this cesspool of corruption that was misallocating trillions of dollars of capital, a few wrists were slapped and the road was paved for the next epic misallocation of capital – the subprime debt, synthetic derivatives, off-balance-sheet black hole adventure, otherwise known as the financial crash of 2008, which took down the entire U.S. economy.

Bundling up junk debt and paying a ratings agency to wink and deliver a triple-A rating is not efficient allocation of capital – it is a fraud on the market. But until subprime blew up, the dumb tourist market traded it as triple-A paper. That’s not an efficient market that knows how to allocate capital.

It’s also preposterous to suggest that we can have a stock market made up of major companies whose executive ranks are populated with liars and crooks, where corporate lawyers are also liars and crooks, and this won’t inject chronic disease into the efficient market theory.

Tobacco company stocks have been part of the U.S. stock market for most of its existence. In 1999, the United States sued the largest tobacco firms under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO).  The government’s complaint said that the tobacco companies engaged in a four-decade conspiracy to mislead the public about the dangers of smoking and unconscionably targeted the youth market as “replacement smokers.”

We call that immoral – not amoral.

Following a nine-month bench trial, 14,000 exhibits, live testimony from 84 witnesses and written testimony from 162 witnesses, on August 17, 2006, Judge Gladys Kessler of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued a 1,683 page opinion, writing as follows:

“It is about an industry, and in particular these Defendants, that survives, and profits, from selling a highly addictive product which causes diseases that lead to a staggering number of deaths per year, an immeasurable amount of human suffering and economic loss, and a profound burden on our national health care system. Defendants have known many of these facts for at least 50 years or more. Despite that knowledge, they have consistently, repeatedly, and with enormous skill and sophistication, denied these facts to the public, to the Government, and to the public health community. Moreover, in order to sustain the economic viability of their companies, Defendants have denied that they marketed and advertised their products to children under the age of eighteen and to young people between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one in order to ensure an adequate supply of ‘replacement smokers,’ as older ones fall by the wayside through death, illness, or cessation of smoking. In short, Defendants have marketed and sold their lethal product with zeal, with deception, with a single-minded focus on their financial success, and without regard for the human tragedy or social costs that success exacted.”

Judge Kessler also had this to say about the individuals that were assigned the duty of making corporations uphold the law — the corporate lawyers:

“Finally, a word must be said about the role of lawyers in this fifty-year history of deceiving smokers, potential smokers, and the American public about the hazards of smoking and second hand smoke, and the addictiveness of nicotine. At every stage, lawyers played an absolutely central role in the creation and perpetuation of the Enterprise and the implementation of its fraudulent schemes. They devised and coordinated both national and international strategy; they directed scientists as to what research they should and should not undertake; they vetted scientific research papers and reports as well as public relations materials to ensure that the interests of the Enterprise would be protected; they identified ‘friendly’ scientific witnesses, subsidized them with grants from the Center for Tobacco Research and the Center for Indoor Air Research, paid them enormous fees, and often hid the relationship between those witnesses and the industry; and they devised and carried out document destruction policies and took shelter behind baseless assertions of the attorney client privilege.”

Today, two of Wall Street’s largest banks, JPMorgan Chase and Citigroup, which house both investment banks and commercial banks filled with the insured deposits of savers, are mandated to efficiently allocate capital in order to build a growing economy, finance deserving new businesses and build a strong labor market that supports an improving quality of life. But units of JPMorgan Chase were hit with felony charges by the U.S. Justice Department in both 2014 and 2015, which it admitted to. A unit of Citigroup admitted to a felony charge in 2015. For the first time in their century old existence, two major U.S. banks are felons – after participating in the greatest market swindles in history in the lead up to the 2008 crash.

“Callous” simply doesn’t begin to describe today’s Wall Street.




Capitalism Will Collapse Because Elites ‘Allow Poor to Rot,’ Tariq Ali Tells Chris Hedges



by Chris Hedges

“The elites who have run the United States and Western Europe have proven incapable of offering even the smallest palliatives to their populations,” says Tariq Ali, a British-Pakistani radical intellectual, in an interview with Truthdig columnist Chris Hedges on RT America. “They have allowed the poor to rot—regardless of skin color—and grow. ... And so what we have is a protest against this center elite, which I call the extreme center, because whether it’s social democratic or conservative, they unite to crush.”




From: "Jim O'Brien" <jimobrien48@gmail.com>
To: haw-info@stopthewars.org
Sent: Thursday, 16 June, 2016 3:01:39 PM
Subject: [haw-info] HAW Notes 6/16/16: Links to recent articles of interest


Links to Recent Articles of Interest


"The Pentagon's Real Strategy: Keeping the Money Flowing"

By Andrew Cockburn, TomDispatch.com, posted June 16


"Top 7 Ways of Telling if Someone Is Lying about being a 'Salafi Jihadi'"

By Juan Cole, Informed Comment blog, posted June 14

The author teaches history at the University of Michigan


"What America Keeps Getting Wrong in the Middle East"

By Charles W. Freeman, Jr., The National Interest, posted June 14

The author is a former US ambassador to Saudi Arabia among many governmental positions; the article draws extensively from the history of recent decades. 


"The War in Vietnam: Studies in Remembrance and Legacy: 2000-2014"

By Jerry Lembcke, Choice, June issue

An extensive bibliographic essay, commissioned from the author by the journal of the American Library Association


"Why Israel Is Blocking Access to Its Archives"

By Jonathan Cook, Aljazeera, posted June 10


"'This Will Stop Only When the American People Get Fed Up': American Exceptionalism, the New York Times, and Our Foreign Policy after Barack Obama"

Part 2 of interview with Andrew J. Bacevich by Patrick Smith, Salon.com, posted May 25

Andrew Bacevich is a professor emeritus of history and international relations at Boston University.


Part 1 of the interview with Prof. Bacevich was posted by Salon on May 15: "'The Scope of Our Failure': The Real Story of Our Decades-Long Foreign Policy Disaster That Set the Middle East on Fire"


"Obama Is Not First President at Permanent War"

By David Swanson, Let's Try Democracy blog, posted May 23


"The Vietnam War Is Still Killing People"

By George Black, The New Yorker, posted May 20


"China Closes the Innovation Gap"

By John V. Walsh, Consortium News, posted May 9


"Despondent, Divided, and Angry: Welcome to the Past"

By Thomas M. Grace, History News Network, posted May 1

Based in part on the author's newly published book Kent State: Death and Dissent in the Long Sixties"




From: "Mark Crispin Miller" <markcrispinmiller@gmail.com>
To: "newsfromunderground" <newsfromunderground@googlegroups.com>
Sent: Friday, 17 June, 2016 11:29:43 PM
Subject: [MCM] DNC drops "Democratic" mask, as Hillary takes it over, openly. (This is not a joke.)



DNC Comes Out of Closet-- Goes Public, Handing Reins Over to Clinton Campaign


by Rob Kall

The DNC has allowed Hillary Clinton to replace Debbie Wasserman Schultz as the practical head of the DNC with someone of her choosing, finally coming out of closet, showing their collusion openly.




Decades Later, Sickness Among Airmen After a US Hydrogen Bomb Accident in Spain



In 1966, a B-52 bomber on a Cold War nuclear patrol exploded over Spain, releasing four hydrogen bombs. Fifty years later, Air Force veterans involved with the cleanup are sick and want recognition.