Subject: BEYOND WORDS.
18 September 2016
Dear Colleagues and Friends of CEIMSA,
I recently read a short and charming book aimed at public school teachers in the mid-1960’s, called Reading and Thinking (1967). It was a collective work, edited by Maurice Eash of Hunter College, and it included essays by four other teachers covering the pedagogy in a variety of curriculums. The idea was to superimpose the separate elements of cognitive science on public school curriculum to indicate the best ways in which students might be taught to think.
The schema for cognitive abilities was outlined in the first chapter by Eash with what he defined as major and subordinate categories: 1) Understanding, i.e. decoding what the author meant without projecting one’s own opinions.(Central to such apprehension would be ‘command of the language and knowledge of vocabulary.’) 2) Utilizing, by which he meant learning to abstract the main principles or ideas in a text and apply them to different situations. (Here students would learn to differentiate facts from generalizations and identify those facts which support certain generalizations). 3) Discriminating, the author tells us, is a cognitive ability which is essential in learning to master and manipulate written materials without being overwhelmed by detail. This skill was subdivided into five subordinate categories of activity : a) detecting facts used to develop a generalization; b) differentiating between different types of statements; c) classifying different types of facts or statements; d) relating different types of facts and generalizations to others; and e) seeing organization in the way material has been presented. The next major category of cognitive ability is 4) Chaining, which is the cognitive ability of relating ideas to other ideas. It involves extrapolation, the logical extension of an argument or description which is based on known data (as for example, calculating the circumference of the earth when you know the earth spins on its axis at a speed of 1000 miles an hour and that a day is 24 hours long), and interpolation, which is an insertion of something new but nevertheless consistent with the original text (like, for example, a missing step in the written directions on how to assemble a bookcase). And finally 5) Judging, which involves making decisions and choices and which represents the over-all ability to follow the procedures of a) searching for internal consistencies and contradictions, and b) using external standards to make comparisons with information from other sources.
This tidy little package of ideas and categories was then systematically applied by classroom teachers to various trade books related to their disciplines in language, literature, social science, natural science, and mathematics.
Reading and Thinking, using supplementary books in the classroom, by Maurice Eash, is a vintage production of the 1960’s, out of which came both radicals socialists and neo-liberals. What cognitive dissonance produced this mix? An insight into the present state of intellectual paralysis is offered in the writings of NYU Professor Bertell Ollman on Dialectical Materialism, as a method of social research. (See, also, my 2007 essay, "Learning, Learning to Learn and the Democratic Matrix".)
Battus mais non vaincus
The 8 items below might offer perceptive readers a glimpse into the progression from whence we are derived; a vision of the destination towards which we are heading; and --if the current situation is not so disruptive of cognitive thought as to have intellectually and spiritually blinded us to our present realities-- a recognition of what we have now become.
Professor emeritus of American Studies
Director of Research
University of Paris-Nanterre
Center for the Advanced Study of American Institutions and Social Movements
The University of California-San Diego
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From: Mark Crispin Miller
Sent: Saturday, 17 September, 2016
Subject: [MCM] Something's very wrong with "our free press," when only 32% of us believe it tells the truth !
If you like this piece by the astute and fearless Paul Craig Roberts, please consider
helping him with a donation.
This website is trusted by more people worldwide than trust the Washington Post, New York Times, CNN, Fox News, BBC or any Western print and TV source. My columns are reproduced on many websites in many languages. My combined readership is many times that of the New York Times. My books are translated into Russian, Chinese, Czech, Korean, German, French, Turkish, and Spanish.
Despite the vast readership, this website is supported by a small percentage of committed readers.
If money would flow into where only truth is spoken, more could be done.
No foundations support this site. Any foundation that supported this site would be dropped from the New York and Washington dinner party list, as I have been.
This site has no advertisements despite its readership rank that would bring in advertisers. This is because I know that once the site is supported by advertisers, reader support would decline, and the advertisers would control the site. The money would be used to subvert my independence, and since that cannot be done, the site would cease and my voice would be silenced.
If people will not support truth, they do not deserve truth, and they will not have it.
Western Media Credibility In Free Fall Collapse
Paul Craig Roberts
The latest from the Gallup Poll is that only 32% of Americans
trust the print and TV media to tell the truth. http://www.gallup.com/poll/195542/americans-trust-mass-media-sinks-new-low.aspx
Republicans, 18 to 49 year old Americans, and independents trust the media even less, with trust rates of 14%, 26%, and 30%.
The only group that can produce a majority that still trusts the media are Democrats with a 51% trust rate in print and TV reporting. The next highest trust rate is Americans over 50 years of age with a trust rate of 38 percent.
The conclusion is that old people who are Democrats are the only remaining group that barely trusts the media. This mistaken trust is due to their enculturation. For older Democrats belief in government takes the place of Republican belief in evangelical Christianity. Older Democrats are firm believers that it was government under the leadership of President Franklin D. Roosevelt that saved America from the Great Depression. As the print and TV media in the 21st century are firmly aligned with the government, the trust in government spills over into trust of the media that is serving the government. As the generation of Democrats enculturated with this mythology die off, Democratic trust rates will plummet toward Republican levels.
It is not difficult to see why trust in the media has collapsed. The corrupt Clinton regime, which we might be on the verge of repeating, allowed a somewhat diverse and independent media to be 90% acquired by six mega-corporations. The result was the disappearance of independence in reporting and opinion.
The constraints that corporate ownership and drive for profits put on journalistic freedom and resources reduced reporting to regurgitations of government and corporate press releases, always the cheapest and uncontroversial way to report.
With journalistic families driven out of journalism by estate taxes, the few remaining newspapers become acquisitions like a trophy wife or a collector Ferrari. Jeff Bezos, CEO and founder of amazon.com, handed over $250 million in cash for the Washington Post. Jeff might be a whiz in e-commerce, but when it comes to journalism he could just as well be named Jeff Bozo.
On September 12, Washington Post reporter Cindy Boren dropped the
Washington Post below the level of the supermarket tabloid, National Enquirer.
One must wonder where her editor was. Drunk perhaps? The Washington Post
actually reported that a Nigerian MD, Bennet Omalu, “whose credentials and tenacity are well known,” has
concluded that Hillary Clinton’s obvious medical problems could be due to her
being poisoned by a Putin-Trump conspiracy.
One could possibly conclude that Cindy Boren and her Washington Post editor were having fun with Omalu, except that the article repeated the unfounded allegation that circumstantial evidence according to a UK inquiry associates Putin with the poisoning death of Litvinenko.
In other words, first Litvinenko, now Hillary.
If circumstantial evidence is to be the Washington Post’s guide, then clearly that evidence suggests that the neoconservatives, well-ensconced in high government positions and desperate for a New Pearl Harbor in order to launch their wars of hegemony in the Middle East, are responsible for 9/11.
Yet the Washington Post has a full-time reporter whose job is to disparage conspiracy theories while the Washington Post itself launches the conspiracy theory of the century: Putin And Trump Conspiracy Poisons US Democratic Candidate for President. http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2016/09/15/washington-post-grasps-crazy-conspiracy-theory-support-hillary-clinton.html
If intelligence, or perhaps simply sufficient time in Americans’ lives to investigate the news, were not in such short supply, possibly Americans would reflect on what the benefit is of being driven by Washington into conflict with Russia and China.
It most certainly will not be victory in war, as we all will be dead.